Monica F. Solberg

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Forsker
Telefon: 92298650
Avdeling: Populasjonsgenetikk

Arbeidsområde

Kartlegge og kvantifisere genetiske forskjeller mellom oppdrettet og vill laks, og belyse de evolusjonære og økologiske effektene rømt oppdrettlaks har på ville populasjoner, gjennom biologiske forsøk supplert med molekylære metoder.

Identify and quantify genetic differences between wild and farmed Atlantic salmon Salmo salar L., and elucidate the evolutionary and ecological consequences of introgression of farmed on wild salmon, using common garden approach and family parentage testing.

Curriculum Vitae

Monica Favnebøe Solberg
Research scientist (1109), Section of Population Genetics, Institute of Marine Research, Norway.

DOB: 07.03.1984. Nationality: Norwegian. Family: Married, one child (born 2016).

FORMAL EDUCATION:

2010 – 2013. PhD, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Department of Biology, University of Bergen, Norway. Supervisors: Dr. Kevin Glover (IMR) and Prof. Frank Nilsen (UiB)

2008 – 2009. Postgraduate Certificate in Education (PGCE)/ Praktisk pedagogisk utdanning (PPU), Faculty of Psychology, Department of Education, University of Bergen, Norway.

2006 – 2008. MSc in Biodiversity, Evolution and Ecology, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Department of Biology, University of Bergen, Norway. Supervisors: Prof. Arne Skorping (UiB) and Prof. Frank Nilsen (UiB)

2003 – 2006. BSc, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Department of Biology, University of Bergen, Norway

EMPLOYMENT:

2015 –          Research scientist (1109), IMR
2013 – 2015  Post doctor, IMR
2010 – 2013  PhD candidate, IMR
2009 – 2010  Lecturer, Natural Science, Upper Secondary Education, Langhaugen vgs
2009 – 2010  Research Assistant, Evolutionary Fisheries Ecology, UiB (part time)

POSTDOCTORAL PROJECT:

QUANTESCAPE : A HAVBRUK Knowledge Platform

Quantifying genetic effects of Escaped farmed salmon on wild salmon. QuantEscape is a research project studying the genetic interaction between wild and farmed salmon, documenting how escapes from aquaculture facilities affect wild salmon populations. I’m employed in work package 2: Quantification of natural selection and its strength to “naturalize” farmed salmon - How do farmed salmon respond to natural selection, and potentially adapt to the natural environment?  In order to answer this question, a series of common-garden experiments will be conducted under hatchery and semi-natural conditions using farmed and farmed x wild hybrid salmon that have survived for a generation in the wild.

Work package manager: Kevin A. Glover (IMR). Project manager: Kjetil Hindar, Norwegian Institute for Nature Research (NINA).  Research partners: Norwegian Institute for Nature Research (NINA), the Institute of Marine Research (IMR), the Norwegian Institute of Food, Fisheries and Aquaculture Research (Nofima) and the Centre for Integrative Genetics (CIGENE).

PhD PROJECT:

INTERACT : A Strategic Institute Program (2010-2014)
Farmed escaped salmon represent a significant threat to the genetic integrity of wild populations. Each year, thousands of farmed salmon escape into the wild, and some of these are observed on the spawning grounds - ready to introgress with wild populations. This Norwegian research council funded project aims to delineate and quantify genetic differences between wild and farmed salmon and cod, including work packages on modelling. This includes 2x PhD students and 1x post Dr Researcher. Project manager Dr. Kevin Glover.

 

Publikasjoner

Faglige foredrag

2016

Adaptive plasticity in Atlantic salmon- genetic predisposition of time at maturity and environmental triggers

Rolf Edvardsen, Erik Nordtorp Kjærner-Semb, Fernando Ayllon, Tomasz Furmanek, Tom Johnny Hansen, Per Gunnar Fjelldal, Carl Johan Rubin, Lene Kleppe, Kai Ove Skaftnesmo, Elin Sørhus, Faezeh Mohammadi, Geir Dahle, Vidar Wennevik, Monica Favnebøe Solberg, Kevin Glover, Birgitta Norberg, Geir Lasse Taranger, Eva Andersson, Rüdiger W. Schulz, Anna Wargelius

Vitenskapelige artikler (NVI)

2018

Judging a salmon by its spots: Environmental variation is the primary determinant of spot patterns in Salmo salar

Katarina Mariann Jørgensen, Monica Favnebøe Solberg, Francois Besnier, Anders Thorsen, Per Gunnar Fjelldal, Øystein Skaala, Ketil Malde, Kevin Glover
BMC Ecology 18:14 p. 1-13
2017

Rapid growth causes abnormal vaterite formation in farmed fish otoliths

Tormey Reimer, Timothy David Dempster, Anna Wargelius, Per Gunnar Fjelldal, Tom Johnny Hansen, Kevin Glover, Monica Favnebøe Solberg, Stephen E. Swearer
Journal of Experimental Biology 220 p. 2965-2969
2017

Cloned and outbred Atlantic salmon display equal parasite dispersion when infected with the salmon louse

Kevin Glover, Tom Johnny Hansen, Francois Besnier, Monica Favnebøe Solberg, Per Gunnar Fjelldal, Anne Grete Eide Sørvik, Sussie Dalvin, Frank Nilsen
Aquaculture 480 p. 83-88
2017

Half a century of genetic interaction between farmed and wild Atlantic salmon: Status of knowledge and unanswered questions

Kevin Glover, Monica Favnebøe Solberg, Phil McGinnity, Kjetil Hindar, Eric Verspoor, Mark W. Coulson, Michael Möller Hansen, Hitoshi Araki, Øystein Skaala, Terje Svåsand
Fish and Fisheries 18 p. 890-927
2017

Ploidy elicits a whole-genome dosage effect: growth of triploid Atlantic salmon is linked to the genetic origin of the second maternal chromosome set

Alison C. Harvey, Per Gunnar Fjelldal, Monica Favnebøe Solberg, Tom Johnny Hansen, Kevin Glover
BMC Genetics 18:34 p. 1-12
2016

Thermal plasticity in farmed, wild and hybrid Atlantic salmon during early development: Has domestication caused divergence in low temperature tolerance?

Monica Favnebøe Solberg, Lise Dyrhovden, Ivar Helge Matre, Kevin Glover
BMC Evolutionary Biology 16
2016

Salmonid fish: model organisms to study cardiovascular morphogenesis in conjoined twins?

Per Gunnar Fjelldal, Monica Favnebøe Solberg, Tom Johnny Hansen, Tone Vågseth, Kevin Glover, Harald Kryvi
BMC Developmental Biology 16:25
2016

Does density influence relative growth performance of farm, wild and F1 hybrid Atlantic salmon in semi-natural and hatchery common garden conditions?

Alison C. Harvey, Gareth Juleff, Gary R. Carvalho, Martin I. Taylor, Monica Favnebøe Solberg, Simon Creer, Lise Dyrhovden, Ivar Helge Matre, Kevin Glover
Royal Society Open Science 3:160152
2016

Plasticity in response to feed availability: Does feeding regime influence the relative growth performance of domesticated, wild and hybrid Atlantic salmon Salmo salar parr?

Alison C. Harvey, Monica Favnebøe Solberg, Kevin Glover, Martin I. Taylor, Simon Creer, Gary R. Carvalho
Journal of Fish Biology 89 p. 1754-1768
2016

Plasticity in growth of farmed and wild Atlantic salmon: is the increased growth rate of farmed salmon caused by evolutionary adaptations to the commercial diet?

Alison Catherine Harvey, Monica Favnebøe Solberg, Eva Troianou, Gary Robert Carvalho, Martin Ian Taylor, Simon Creer, Lise Dyrhovden, Ivar Helge Matre, Kevin Glover
BMC Evolutionary Biology 16
2015

The vgll3 Locus Controls Age at Maturity in Wild and Domesticated Atlantic Salmon(Salmo salar L.) Males

Fernando Ayllon, Erik Nordtorp Kjærner-Semb, Tomasz Furmanek, Vidar Wennevik, Monica Favnebøe Solberg, Geir Dahle, Geir Lasse Taranger, Kevin Glover, Markus Sällman Almén, Carl J. Rubin, Rolf Edvardsen, Anna Wargelius
PLoS Genetics 11:e1005628
2015

Are farmed salmon more prone to risk than wild salmon? Susceptibility of juvenile farm, hybrid and wild Atlantic salmon Salmo salar L. to an artificial predator

Monica Favnebøe Solberg, Zhiwei Zhang, Kevin Glover
Applied Animal Behaviour Science 162 p. 67-80
2014

Hatching time and alevin growth prior to the onset of exogenous feeding in farmed, wild and hybrid Norwegian Atlantic salmon

Monica Favnebøe Solberg, Per Gunnar Fjelldal, Frank Nilsen, Kevin Glover
PLoS ONE 9
2014

Vertebra deformities in wild Atlantic salmon caught in the Figgjo River, southwest Norway

Florian Sambraus, Kevin Glover, Tom Johnny Hansen, Tom Fraser, Monica Favnebøe Solberg, Per Gunnar Fjelldal
Journal of Applied Ichthyology 30 p. 777-782
2013

Growth reaction norms of domesticated, wild and hybrid Atlantic salmon families in response to differing social and physical environments

Monica Favnebøe Solberg, Zhiwei Zhang, Frank Nilsen, Kevin Glover
BMC Evolutionary Biology 13
2013

Does domestication cause changes in growth reaction norms? A study of farmed, wild and hybrid Atlantic salmon families exposed to environmental stress

Monica Favnebøe Solberg, Øystein Skaala, Frank Nilsen, Kevin Glover
PLoS ONE 8
2012

Effects of environmental stress on mRNA expression levels of seven genes related to oxidative stress and growth in Atlantic salmon salmo salar L. Of farmed, hybrid and wild origin

Monica Favnebøe Solberg, Bjørn Olav Kvamme, Frank Nilsen, Kevin Glover
BMC Research Notes 1

Rapporter og avhandlinger

2013

Farmed escapees and interactions with wild conspecifics - quantification of genetic differences between wild and farmed Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.)

Solberg, Monica Favnebøe
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