Working Group 1A: How can MPAs play a role in reconciling objectives
B. Sc. (Cornell 1970; Conservation) Ph. D. (Toronto 1974; Ornithology) is currently National Senior Advisor – Ecosystem Sciences, for Department of Fisheries and Oceans, Ottawa, Canada. From 1996 - Sept 2007 was Director, Peer Review and Science Advice for DFO. Previous positions with DFO included Division Chief, Marine Fish at Pacific Biological Station (1990-1996), and Division Chief, Groundfish (1998-1990) and Section Head, Marine Ecology (1992-1998), at the Northwest Atlantic Fisheries Centre. Also held faculty positions at Memorial University of Newfoundland (Biology) and Arizona State University (Environmental Studies), and was Guest Professor of the Royal Danish Academy of Sciences from July 1996-March 1997.
Major research interests include application of science to policy, methods for integreated ecosystem assessments. metrics of marine ecosystem status and change (particularly size-based metrics); operationalisational of the ecosystem approach to management of human activities in the sea; use of non-parametric density estimation methods to address uncertainty in fisheries problems; and during academic period avian community structure and habitat use in desert riparian ecosystems, seabird behavioural ecology, and ecological and behavioural basis for interspecific territoriality. Richard Kenchington
is a Professor of the Australian National Centre for Ocean Resources and Security of the University of Wollongong, Australia. A marine ecologist, he studied crown of thorns starfish and later was a foundation member of the staff of the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority (GBRMPA) in 1978. He was Director of planning until 1990 during the declaration and initial planning of the Marine Park. He retired in 1999 as Executive Director of the Authority. Between 1990 and 1992 he was Secretary of an Australian national Inquiry into Coastal Management. He has published on management of coral reef and tropical coastal ecosystems, and more generally on ecosystem based management of coastal and marine ecosystems. He works widely as a consultant and advisor to government and international agencies, most recently working for the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) on the implementation of a marine and coastal strategy.
Ellen Sofie Grefsrud
is as a scientist at the Institute of Marine Research in Bergen, Norway. Her current work is part of the “Norwegian Biological Mapping and Monitoring Program – marine activities”, leading the activities of the program in western Norway and mapping of scallop beds along the Norwegian coast. Main research interests are scallop and lobster sea-ranching, with focus on predator-prey interactions and behavior studies. Her postdoctoral fellowship was a part of the Queen Conch project at Harbor Branch Oceanographic Institution at Florida Atlantic University, Florida, USA.
Working Group 1B: How can MPAs play a role in reconciling objectives
is an internationally renowned expert in biodiversity conservation, with extensive field and policy experience in Africa, Asia, the Caribbean, the Mediterranean, North America and the Pacific. She currently heads Sound Seas, an independent policy group based in the Washington, DC area, specializing in biodiversity conservation, coastal planning and assessment, marine protected areas, and fisheries management. She also serves as Director of the Marine Ecosystem Services (MARES) Program of Forest Trends, is Science and Policy Director for the World Ocean Observatory, and is Associate Editor of Marine Ecosystems and Management (MEAM), published through the University of Washington. Prior to forming her own organization, she was the Senior Director for the Global Marine Program at Conservation International and, before that, Senior Scientist for WWF. Tundi acts as scientific advisor to the Kerzner Marine Foundation, and sits on the advisory boards of the Planetary Coral Reef Foundation, the David Luginbuhl Foundation, the Pew Marine Fellows Program, and the Center for Population and the Environment. She is on the Board of Directors for the Living Oceans Society and was formerly a trustee of ICRAN, the International Coral Reef Action Network.In addition to working at the nexus of policy and science to promote conservation, she also headed up the coastal section of the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment – a 3 year global analysis released in 2005 representing the consensus of over a thousand scientists. She is currently an adjunct professor at the University of Miami, received her Ph.D. in biological sciences and her Masters in Marine Affairs from University of Rhode Island, was postdoctoral fellow at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, and completed her undergraduate work at Wellesley and Dartmouth Colleges.
is the Executive Secretary of the International Collective in Support of Fishworkers (ICSF), an international NGO based in Chennai, India. ICSF draws its mandate from the International Conference of Fishworkers and their Supporters in Rome in 1984. Founded in Trivandrum, India, in 1986, the organization has members in 22 countries, two thirds of whom are from countries of the South. Since then ICSF has been acting as a catalyst to influence decision-making processes in fisheries and to support small-scale and artisanal fishworker organizations. As part of its efforts towards disseminating information for and about small-scale fisheries, particularly in countries of the South, ICSF brings out the SAMUDRA Report and Yemaya three times a year, as well as the SAMUDRA News Alerts
is working as a Senior Scientist at the Institute of Marine Research in Norway and as an adjunct Professor at the University of Bergen. He is the present chairman of the ICES Working Group on Application of Genetics in Fisheries and Mariculture. His present research focus is on population genetic studies of Atlantic cod along the Norwegian coast utilizing different molecular markers. Common garden experiments with selected populations of Atlantic cod studying possible selection on different markers (heamoglobin and Pantophysin). Family – offspring identification in connection with different projects in Atlantic salmon (dwarf males), Atlantic cod (including farming –wild interactions) and Atlantic halibut. In 2010 he chaired an International Workshop: MPAs in exploited regions in the northern boreal continental shelf.
Working Group 2A: What is the role of institutional frameworks and policies
Ms Lena Westlund
(MSc University of Gothenburg, Sweden) has extensive experience from fisheries and development cooperation, especially in West Africa and South/Southeast Asia. She has lived and worked both long and short term in-country and been engaged in projects on poverty alleviation and food security in small-scale fishing and fish farming communities, including aspects of institutional development and gender equity, and promotion of participatory and integrated approaches to development and fisheries management. More recently, she has been involved with policy and has contributed to publications in the FAO Technical Guidelines for Responsible Fisheries series: The Human Dimensions of the Ecosystem Approach to Fisheries (2009) and Marine Protected Areas and Fisheries (in press). Ms Westlund lives in Stockholm and continues to work as a consultant for FAO on MPAs and small-scale fisheries.
Prof Ian Bryceson
(Ph.D. Dar es Salaam) is a Professor in the Department of International Environment and Development Studies, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, where he teaches and supervises post-graduate students. He focuses his research on ecological and social issues in coastal areas throughout the world. In particular, he works on coastal resource use, access and control. His emphasis is on conflicts of interests with respect to aquaculture, small-scale fisheries, tourism and conservation. This is all within the broader context of the impacts of globalisation and people's struggles for their rights. He is from Tanzania and taught at the University of Dar es Salaam for ten years, and is now based in Norway. He serves on several international committees and boards and takes part in active public debates.
Dr Tor F. Næsje
is chief research scientist in the Norwegian Institute for Nature Research (NINA), and since 1985 he has been working with fish and aquatic invertebrate ecology, exploitation of fisheries resources, and ecological consequences of human encroachments. He has major practical experience in planning and carrying out research projects, in particular projects related to freshwater and coastal ecosystems, fisheries management, exploitation of fish resources, and ecological consequences of hydropower developments in different parts of the world. He has many years of advisory experience to national, regional and local authorities, especially in Norway and Southern Africa. His present focus areas and interests are management and utilisation of inland and coastal fisheries resources. Dr Næsje has been working in close collaboration with the Namibian Ministry of Fisheries and Marine Resources since 1993, studying the fish populations in all the perennial rivers of Namibia and as an advisor on freshwater fish management. Since 2000 he has also been the project leader of several projects in South Africa studying coastal and estuarine fish populations and their exploitation. Since 1992 he has been the project leader for the studies in the Alta River in Norway, investigating the effects of the hydro power plant on the salmon population and fisheries. Dr Næsje has been working on projects in Norway, Namibia, Zambia, South Africa, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Lithuania and Ukraine.
Working Group 2B: What is the role of institutional frameworks and policies?
Kristina M. Gjerde
is high seas policy advisor to IUCN’s Global Marine and Polar Programme. A graduate of New York University School of Law, Ms. Gjerde is a recognized expert in the legal aspects of international marine conservation. She has published widely on fisheries, shipping, law of the sea and marine conservation and serves as an advisor to governments, international organizations and non-governmental organizations. In close collaboration with the Census of Marine Life and many scientists, Ms. Gjerde launched in 2009 the Global Ocean Biodiversity Initiative (www.GOBI.org). Since graduating from Law School, Ms. Gjerde has specialized in admiralty and corporate law at the New York City law firm of Lord, Day & Lord, served as a research fellow at the Marine Policy Center of the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution and at the Law School of the University of Hull (UK), and represented WWF at the International Maritime Organization in London where she developed the concept of "Particularly Sensitive Sea Areas" as a tool to protect sensitive marine environments from the adverse impacts of shipping activities. In 2003, she was selected for a prestigious three-year Pew Fellowship in Marine Conservation for her work on high seas governance. Ms Gjerde currently serves as a member of the World Economic Forum’s Global Agenda Council on Ocean Governance. She is a native Californian living with her family in Poland.
Dr. Magnus Ngoile
Currently serves as the Policy and Governance Coordinator of the UNDP/GEF Agulhas Somali Currents Large Marine Ecosystems (ASCLME) Project, which is servicing ten countries of the western Indian Ocean. He has extensive research and management experience in fisheries, marine ecology, population biology, marine protected areas and environmental management.
Prior to working for the ASCLME Project, he served the University of Dar es Salaam as the Director of the Institute of marine Sciences based in Zanzibar. Further he served the Government of Tanzania as the Director General of the National Environment management Council.
His work in Tanzania has included the development of community based marine conservation projects aimed at incorporating indigenous management mechanisms for the conservation of coastal and the use of marine resources as part and parcel of implementing fisheries and environmental policies including the multimillion dollar project “Marine and Coastal Environment Management Project (MACEMP)”. He has played a key role in the development of the Tanzania fisheries, coastal and marine policies as well as environmental legislations.
In his role as Coordinator for the IUCN Marine and Coastal Program, Dr. Ngoile was responsible for coordinating and facilitating the development and implementation of marine and coastal activities of IUCN including the establishment and servicing of international networks and partnerships on sustainable fisheries and marine conservation.
Alf Ring Kleiven
Alf Ring Kleiven is a scientist at the Institute of Marine Research, Flødevigen, Arendal. He has a master degree in natural resource management from James Cook University, Australia, and a PhD from the University of Tromsø/ IMR. Kleivens research interests are recreational fisheries and Marine Protected Areas. He is now involved in a project named ”active management of coastal resources” where the aim is to implement coastal MPAs in close collaboration with local stakeholders and authorities. He is as well developing methods to estimate recreational fisheries in Norway.
Working Group 3: Institutional, policy and management frameworks for reconciling fisheries management and conservation - Management approaches (operational)
Stephen K. Brown
, B.Sc. (Tufts 1971, Biology), Ph.D. (Rutgers 1983, Ecology), is currently Chief, Assessment and Monitoring Division, Office of Science and Technology, NOAA/National Marine Fisheries Service, USA. Previous positions include Biological Oceanographer in the Office of Science and Technology (1998-2004); and Biological Oceanographer, Biogeography Program, NOAA/National Ocean Service (1990-1998). He also was a Marine Biologist with Tetra Tech, Inc., and held post-doctoral positions at the University of Washington and Stanford University.
Major interests focus on applied ecology for managing living marine resources and the habitats and ecosystems they inhabit. This includes assessments of habitats and stocks of fish and protected species (primarily marine mammals and sea turtles) and the use of this information through the synthesis of diverse sources of information and in coastal and marine spatial planning and integrated ecosystem assessments.
is Senior Lecturer in Marine Resource Management Planning at the Centre for Resource Management and Environmental Studies (CERMES), The University of the West Indies (UWI) Cave Hill Campus in Barbados. He is a former fisheries manager and has an interdisciplinary PhD in resource management from the University of British Columbia, Canada. His current applied research focuses mainly on networks, resilience, socio-economics and governance related to small-scale fisheries and marine protected areas around the Wider Caribbean.
Esben Moland Olsen
is a senior scientist at the Institute of Marine Research in Flødevigen, Norway. His background is mainly from the University of Oslo, Norway, where he did his PhD (2000), and later (2004-2006) worked as a post doc. Olsen also worked as a was a post doc. at the IIASA institute in Austria (2002-2003), where he studied life-history changes in the collapsing stocks of Newfoundland cod. His main research interest is life history responses to natural selection and human-induced selection in aquatic environments. Currently, he runs a 5 year program (2010-2015) "Understanding fitness consequences of harvesting and protection of coastal marine resources – PROMAR", which use marine reserves, in essence representing large-scale field experiments, for understanding the eco-evolutionary impact of harvesting. Key species are the coastal Atlantic cod and the European lobster. Olsen also chairs a working group for the Marine Board (European Science Foundation), on the use of marine protected areas for ecosystem-based management.