MPAs to reconcile socio-economic and conservation objectives
All fisheries and marine management tools require, for successful implementation, an adequate match between the socio-economic scale of management and the ecological/biological scale of distribution and dynamics of the resources. This theme would address the degree to which these two aspects are actually integrated in MPA design and management, and which elements of this integration/connection are considered to be most important in achieving the set objectives. This could include discussing when and how stakeholders can participate in the process and innovative methods to include stakeholders throughout the process (including in the integration of MPAs into wider sectoral and cross-sectoral approaches).
Institutional and management frameworks for reconciling fisheries management and conservation
What are the institutional frameworks and policies that have been found to be appropriate for the use of MPAs and their integration into wider management frameworks, both sectoral (e.g. EAF within fisheries) and inter-sectoral (e.g. EA, MSP, ICZM) coordination. Conversely, what aspects or types of frameworks were found to really hamper this. This discussion should include the policy setting and enabling institutional frameworks, but also aspects of stakeholder participation (ie appropriate frameworks for their participation).
MPAs within a multi-sectoral context
Even when MPAs have originally been designated and managed for fisheries management purposes, they will in most cases have an effect on other sectors, like tourism, coastal development or others. They will also be affected and conditioned by the use of the same areas for activities within other sectors. This will also be the case of MPAs designed with only biodiversity conservation goals. Understanding and accounting for these effects is important to the efficiency of MPAs, both in order to meet their original sectoral goal and for their wider implications. Gathering and operationalising the experience collected by the Nordic countries in this aspect may be an important contribution to the goals of the workshop.
MPAs in the open oceans
MPAs that are far from shore will often have quite different characteristics from coastal MPAs, in many of the themes presented above. It is suggested that each of the themes should consider explicitly the difference between MPAs that are far from shore and those that are coastal, and especially how do these differences lead to different concerns in integration of these MPAs into wider management frameworks, both within the sectoral and cross-sectoral frameworks. A main issue would be the identification of solutions that favour this integration, and those that work against it.