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Monica F. Solberg

Phone: 922 98 650
Visiting address: Nordnesgaten 50, 5817 Bergen

Curriculum Vitae

Monica Favnebøe Solberg
Research scientist (1109), Section of Population Genetics, Institute of Marine Research, Norway.

DOB: 07.03.1984. Nationality: Norwegian. Family: Married, one child (born 2016).

RESEARCH INTERESTS:

Kartlegge og kvantifisere genetiske forskjeller mellom oppdrettet og vill laks, og belyse de evolusjonære og økologiske effektene rømt oppdrettlaks har på ville populasjoner, gjennom biologiske forsøk supplert med molekylære metoder.

Identify and quantify genetic differences between wild and farmed Atlantic salmon Salmo salar L., and elucidate the evolutionary and ecological consequences of introgression of farmed on wild salmon, using common garden approach and family parentage testing.

FORMAL EDUCATION: 

2010 – 2013. PhD, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Department of Biology, University of Bergen, Norway. Supervisors: Dr. Kevin Glover (IMR) and Prof. Frank Nilsen (UiB)

2008 – 2009. Postgraduate Certificate in Education (PGCE), Faculty of Psychology, Department of Education, University of Bergen, Norway.

2006 – 2008. MSc in Biodiversity, Evolution and Ecology, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Department of Biology, University of Bergen, Norway. Supervisors: Prof. Arne Skorping (UiB) and Prof. Frank Nilsen (UiB)

2003 – 2006. BSc, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Department of Biology, University of Bergen, Norway

EMPLOYMENT:

2015 –          Research scientist (1109), IMR
2013 – 2015  Post doctor, IMR
2010 – 2013  PhD candidate, IMR
2009 – 2010  Lecturer, Natural Science, Upper Secondary Education, Langhaugen vgs
2009 – 2010  Research Assistant, Evolutionary Fisheries Ecology, UiB (part time)

POSTDOCTORAL PROJECT:

QUANTESCAPE:  A HAVBRUK Knowledge Platform

Quantifying genetic effects of Escaped farmed salmon on wild salmon. QuantEscape is a research project studying the genetic interaction between wild and farmed salmon, documenting how escapes from aquaculture facilities affect wild salmon populations. I’m employed in work package 2: Quantification of natural selection and its strength to “naturalize” farmed salmon - How do farmed salmon respond to natural selection, and potentially adapt to the natural environment?  In order to answer this question, a series of common-garden experiments will be conducted under hatchery and semi-natural conditions using farmed and farmed x wild hybrid salmon that have survived for a generation in the wild. 

Work package manager: Kevin A. Glover (IMR). Project manager: Kjetil Hindar, Norwegian Institute for Nature Research (NINA).  Research partners: Norwegian Institute for Nature Research (NINA), the Institute of Marine Research (IMR), the Norwegian Institute of Food, Fisheries and Aquaculture Research (Nofima) and the Centre for Integrative Genetics (CIGENE).

PhD PROJECT:

INTERACT: A Strategic Institute Program (2010-2014)
Farmed escaped salmon represent a significant threat to the genetic integrity of wild populations. Each year, thousands of farmed salmon escape into the wild, and some of these are observed on the spawning grounds - ready to introgress with wild populations. This Norwegian research council funded project aims to delineate and quantify genetic differences between wild and farmed salmon and cod, including work packages on modelling. This includes 2x PhD students and 1x post Dr Researcher. Project manager Dr. Kevin Glover.

PEER-REVIEWED PUBLICATIONS:  

[14] Harvey AC, Fjelldal PG, Solberg MF, Hansen T, Glover KA. 2017. Ploidy elicits a whole-genome dosage effect: growth of triploid Atlantic salmon is linked to the genetic origin of the second maternal chromosome set. BMC Genetics. 18:34.

[13] Glover KA,Solberg MF, McGinnity P, Hindar K, Verspoor E, Coulson MW, Hansen MM, Araki H, Skaala Ø, Svåsand T. 2017. Half a century of genetic interaction between farmed and wild Atlantic salmon: Status of knowledge and unanswered questions. Fish and Fisheries. ;1–38.

[12] Harvey AC*, Solberg MF*, Troianou E, Carvalho GR, Taylor MI, Solberg MF, Creer S, Dyrhovden L, Matre IH, Glover KA. 2016.Plasticity in growth of farmed and wild Atlantic salmon: is the increased growth rate of farmed salmon caused by evolutionary adaptations to the commercial diet? BMC Evolutionary Biology. 16:264 *Contributed equally

[11] Fjelldal PG, Solberg MF, Hansen T, Vågseth T, Glover KA, Kryvi H.  2016. Salmonid fish: Model organisms to study cardiovascular morphogenesis in conjoined twins? BMC Developmental Biology. 16:25

[10] Harvey AC, Solberg MF, Glover KA, Taylor MI, Creer S, Carvalho GR. 2016. Plasticity in response to feed availability - does feeding regime influence the relative growth performance of domesticated, wild and hybrid Atlantic salmon Salmo salar parr? Journal of Fish Biology. 89:3 (1754-1768).

[9] Harvey AC, Juleff G, Carvalho GR, Taylor MI, Solberg MF, Creer S, Dyrhovden L, Matre IH, Glover KA. 2016. Does density influence relative growth performance of farm, wild and F1 hybrid Atlantic salmon in semi-natural and hatchery common garden conditions? Royal Society open science.3: 160152. 

[8] Solberg MF, Dyrhovden L, Matre IH, Glover K.A. 2016. Thermal plasticity in farmed, wild and hybrid Atlantic salmon: no indication of domestication-driven divergence in lower thermal tolerance during early development. BMC Evolutionary Biology 16:38.

 [7] Ayllon F, Kjærner-Semb E, Furmanek T, Wennevik V, Solberg MF, Dahle G, et al. 2015. The vgll3 Locus Controls Age at Maturity in Wild and Domesticated Atlantic Salmon (Salmo salar L.) Males. PLoS Genetics 11(11): e1005628.   

[6] Solberg MF, Zhang Z, Glover KA. 2015. Are farmed salmon more prone to risk than wild salmon? Susceptibility of juvenile farm, hybrid and wild Atlantic salmon Salmo salar L. to an artificial predator. Applied Animal Behaviour Science. 162 (67 -80).

[5] Solberg MF, Fjelldal PG, Nilsen F, Glover KA. 2014. Hatching Time and Alevin Growth Prior to the Onset of Exogenous Feeding in Farmed, Wild and Hybrid Norwegian Atlantic Salmon. PLoS ONE 9(12): e113697.

[4] Sambraus F, Glover KA, Hansen T, Fraser TWK, Solberg MF, Fjelldal PG. 2014. Vertebra deformities in wild Atlantic salmon caught in the Figgjo River, southwest Norway. Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 30: 777–782.                                               

[3] Solberg MF, Zhang Z, Nilsen F, Glover KA. 2013. Growth reaction norms of domesticated, wild and hybrid Atlantic salmon families in response to differing social and physical environments. BMC Evolutionary Biology 13:234. 'Highly Accessed'

[2] Solberg MF, Skaala Ø, Nilsen F, Glover KA. 2013. Does Domestication Cause Changes in Growth Reaction Norms? A Study of Farmed, Wild and Hybrid Atlantic Salmon Families Exposed to Environmental Stress. PLoS ONE 8(1): e54469. 


[1] Solberg MF, Kvamme BO, Nilsen F, Glover KA. 2012. Effects of environmental stress on mRNA expression levels of seven genes related to oxidative stress and growth in Atlantic salmon Salmo salar L. of farmed, hybrid and wild origin. BMC Research Notes 5:672.


THESES:

Solberg MF. 2013. Farmed escapees and interactions with wild conspecifics. Quantification of genetic differences between wild and farmed Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.). PhD thesis, University of Bergen, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Department of Biology

Solberg MF. 2008. Are the life history strategies in salmon lice (Lepeophtheirus salmonis (Krøyer)) affected by seasonal changes in temperature? MSc thesis, University of Bergen, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Department of Biology

OTHER PUBLICATIONS:

Solberg MF, Skaala Ø, Glover KA. 2016. Leter etter svaret: Hvordan blir villaks påvirket av rømt oppdrettsfisk? Fisken og havet, særnummer 1-2016.

Solberg MF, Skaala Ø, Skilbrei O, Svåsand T, Taggart J, Wennevik V, Glover KA. 2015. Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.). Species leaflet for the EU funded AquaTrace project.

Solberg MF. 2008. En varmere og våtere fremtid kan gi flere og farligere sykdommer. Naturen, 2: 66-74. (In Norwegian)

SUPERVISION:

PhD candidate, William Bernard Perry, Bangor University. September 2016 -

Erasmus+ student, Eva Troianou,University of Ioannina, Greece. February – June, 2015.

TEACHING:
2008-2009. Assistant teacher BIO210 / Evolutionary Biology, University of Bergen (spring semester) 

ADDITIONAL ACTIVITY:
NoWPaS, European (former Nordic) Workshop of PhD and Post-doctoral fellows on Anadromous Salmonids. Committee member NoWPaS 2012, Trondheim, Norway. Associate committee member NoWPaS 2013, Machynlleth, Wales

Forsker Grand Prix, Contestant, Bergen 2012.

 

 

SEE ALSO:

Forskning.no, 30.10.16. Hva kan sammenvokst lakseyngel fortelle oss om siamesiske tvillinger?

Kyst.no, 19.04.2016. Oppdrettslaksen er mer dumdristig enn villfisken

NRK2, 02.03.2014. Mitt yrke - Biolog [tv]

Forskning.no, 11.02.2013. Større og tammere oppdrettslaks

NRK Kunnskapskanalen, 26.01.2013. Forsker-Grand Prix - 2012 Bergen [tv] From min 4

På Høyden, 24.09.2012. Drap, fisk og et enzym ved navn PAH

Research group