Hopp til hovedteksten
torek2_1_.jpg

Tore Kristiansen

Telefon: 941 53 631

Arbeider med

Leder for Faggruppe Dyrevelferd

Curriculum Vitae

Current position and research activities:
Leader of Animal Welfare Science Group (Faggruppeleder FG Dyrevelferd).
Senior scientist (Forsker1183), PhD

Coordinator and project leader:
• Coordinator and subproject leader in EU-project “FASTFISH – On farm assessment of stress level in farmed fish (2006-2008(09)”.

• “MORECARE-Motivational states and coping ability as operational welfare indicators in farmed fish (2006-2008(2010), Coop. NOFIMA Marin),
• Strategic Institute Project (SIP) “PHYSBEWEL - "Physiological and behavioural indicators of welfare assessment for aquaculture and fisheries (2007-2010)",
• CREATE-project (SFI - Center for research based innovation in aquaculture technology) “SUBFISH- Biological effects of submergence of fish” (2007-2010, Coop. Sintef FH), NRC/FHF-project.
• “WELFARE-TOOLS New tools for overall assessment of rearing environment, stress level, and fish welfare in Atlantic salmon cage farms (Coop. NOFIMA, UiO, NTNU, + industry partners, 2009-2010)”.
• Board member: CREATE(Center for research based innovation in aquaculture technology led by Sintef SFH)

• Supervisor for PhD students Ole Folkedal (MORECARE), Øyvind Korsøen (SUBFISH).

Education
Møre og Romsdal Regional College (1978-79): Mathematics and informatics. University of Bergen (1980-87 and 1994-98): Biology (basic biology and physiology, marine ecology, marine and fisheries biology), Chemistry, Mathematics and Statistics, Informatics, (Computer science), Oceanography Cand. Scient (Master). Institute of Fisheries Biology, University of Bergen (1987). “Growth and feeding of ranched and wild cod in Heimarkspollen, Austevoll”. PhD (Dr.Scient.), University of Bergen (2001). Title PhD thesis: “Stage and size dependent mortality of reared and wild cod (Gadus morhua L.)”.

Employment, project management and participation:

Employed as researcher full time at Institute of Marine Research since July 1987.

Participation in National research projects and EU-projects:
Participated in several cod-enhancement projects in western Norway (1984-1997) Programs (Utsetting av torsk i Austevoll, Cod in Fjord, PUSH (National program for development of sea ranching).

Project leader: Program: Development of marine aquaculture in Ytre-Namdal, Nord-Trøndelag county (several regional and national projects (financed by Norwegian Regional Fund, Norwegian Fisheries Research Council (Projects N1824-02 and N1824-03) and Fish Farming Industry: 1988-1993). Lived in Nord-Trøndelag 1991-1993

Project leader: Enhancement studies of coastal cod (Gadus morhua L.) in Nord-Trøndelag, Norway. (Project T11 in the Norwegian Sea Ranching Program (PUSH) (1990-97)

Project leader: Cormorants as predators of cod (Project T23 in the Norwegian Sea Ranching Program (PUSH) (1992-97)

Participant NFR project 122448/122 Bergen (1998, 1999-2001) Growth, reproduction and migration in wild and cultivated lobster - a continuation of the Kvitsøy project.

Participant EU-project: FAIR CT 4266 Genetic diversity in the European lobster (Homarus gammarus (L.)): population structure and impacts of stock enhancement (GEL) (1999-2001) (Part of scientific team).

Norwegian observer in the EU 5th Framework Concerted Action project EDFAM (European Decapod Fisheries: Assessment and Management) (1998-2001, Meetings in Dublin, Galway, La Coruna)

Scientific project leader: Farming of plate-sized lobster (Industry led project (Norwegian Lobster Farm AS, Innovation Norway, NRC-FUNN-project) – (2000-2003)

Project leader: Well-being behaviour of halibut (Trivselsatferd hos kveite: Norwegian research council project 134029/122 year 2001-2002)

Project leader Institute of Marine Reserach’s part of Strategic Institute program: Welfare of farmed fish (Norwegian Research Council, 2001-2006; Program led by B. Damsgård, Fiskeriforskning; Project leader: Sub-project “Learning in farm fish”

Project leader: NRC-Project ”FISH SCHOOL: Learning ability, cognitive, capacity and welfare of farmed fish (NRC-projects 2007-2008)”

Coordinator and subproject leader in EU-project “FASTFISH – On farm assessment of stress level in farmed fish (2006-2009)”.

Project leader: NRC-Project “MORECARE -Motivational states and coping ability as operational welfare indicators in farmed fish (2006-2009)” (Project leader since June 2007)

Project leader: NRC Strategic Institute Project (SIP) “PHYSBEWEL - "Physiological and behavioural indicators of welfare assessment for aquaculture and fisheries (2006-2010)" (Project leader since June 2007)

Project leader CREATE-project “SUBFISH-Biological effects of submergence of fish” (2007-2010, Coop. Sintef FH), NRC/FHF-project

Project leader: “WELFARE-TOOLS New tools for overall assessment of rearing environment, stress level, and fish welfare in Atlantic salmon cage farms (Coop. NOFIMA, UiO, NTNU, + industry partners, 2009-2010)”.

Main research areas:
• Population dynamics, stock enhancement and sea ranching with cod, including ecological studies of wild coastal cod and population dynamic modeling (1984-2001).
• Semi-intensive production of juvenile cod, halibut and turbut. Feed and feeding routines for cod reared in cages (1988-1994)
• Genetics and population dynamic studies, stock enhancement, sea ranching and intensive farming of Europeean lobster (1998-)
• Behaviour, coping ability and welfare of farmed fish, including fish learning ability (2001-).

Publications in scientific journals and books:

Nilsson, J., Kristiansen, T.S., Fosseidengen, J.E., Fernö, A., van den Bos, R. 2008. Sign and goal tracking in Atlantic Cod (Gadus morhua). Animal Cognition 11: 651-659

Nilsson, J., Kristiansen, T.S., Fosseidengen, J.E., Fernö, A., van den Bos, R. 2008. Learning in cod (Gadus morhua): long trace interval retention. Animal Cognition 11: 215-222.

Kristiansen, T.S., & Fernö, A. 2007 Individual behaviour and growth of halibut (Hippoglossus hippoglossus L.) fed sinking and floating feed: evidence of different coping styles. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 104: 236-250

Agnalt, A.L., Kristiansen, T.S., Jørstad, K.E. 2007. Growth, reproduction cycle, and movement of ovigerous European lobster (Homarus gammarus L.), in a local stock off south-western Norway. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 64: 288-297

Stien, L.H., Bratland, S., Austevoll, I., Oppedal, F., Kristiansen, T.S. 2007. A video analysis procedure for assessing vertical fish distribution in aquaculture tanks. Aquacultural Engineering 37(2):115-124.

Fernö, A., Huse, G., Jacobsen, G., & Kristiansen, T.S. 2006. Chapter 16: The role of fish learning skills in fisheries and aquaculture. In: C. Brown, K. N. Laland & J. Krause. Fish Cognition and Behaviour. Blackwell. Pp 278-310

Jørstad, K.E., Prodohl, P.A., Kristiansen, T.S., Hughes, M., Farestveit, E., Taggart, J.B., Agnalt, A-L. Ferguson, A. 2005. Communal larval rearing of European lobster (Homarus gammarus): Family identification by microsatellite DNA profiling and offspring fitness comparisons. Aquaculture 247 (1-4), 275-285.

Kristiansen, T.S., Fernö, A., Holm, J.C., Privitera, L., Bakke, S., Fosseidengen, J.E., 2004. Swimming behaviour as an indicator of low growth rate and impaired welfare in Atlantic halibut (Hippoglossus hippoglossus L.) reared at three stocking densities. Aquaculture 230:137-151.

 A.-L. Agnalt, K.E. Jørstad, G.I. van der Meeren, E. Nøstvold, E. Farestveit, H. Næss, T. Kristiansen and O.I. Paulsen, 2004 Enhancing the European lobster (Homarus gammarus) stock at Kvitsøy Islands: perspectives on rebuilding Norwegian stocks. In: K. Leber, S. Kitada, H.L. Blankenship and T. Svåsand, Editors, Stock enhancement and sea ranching–developments, pitfalls and opportunities, Blackwell Publishing Ltd (2004), pp. 415–426.

Jørstad, K.E., Prodohl, P.A., Agnalt, A-L., Hughes, M., Apostolidis, A.P., Triantafyllidis, A., Farestveit, E., Kristiansen, T.S., Mercer, J., Svåsand, T. 2004. Sub-arctic populations of European lobster, Homarus gammarus, in northern Norway. Environmental Biology of Fishes 69, 223-231

Jørstad, K.E., Nøstvold, E., Kristiansen, T. and Agnalt, A-L. (2001). High survival and growth of European lobster juveniles (Homarus gammarus), reared communally with natural bottom substrate. Marine & Freshwater Research, 52:1431-8.

Kristiansen, T.S., Michalsen, K., Jacobsen, J.A. & Huse, I. (2001) Optimal selection of temperature areas by juvenile cod (Gadus morhua L.) in the Barents Sea modelled by dynamic optimisation. ICES Journal of Marine Science. 58(1): 172-182.

Kristiansen, T. S., Otterå, H., & Svåsand, T. (2000). Size-dependent mortality of juvenile reared Atlantic cod, released in a small fjord. Journal of Fish Biology 56, 792-801

Kristiansen, T. S., Otterå, H., & Svåsand, T. (2000) Size-dependent mortality of juvenile Atlantic cod, estimated from recaptures of released reared cod and tagged wild cod. Journal of Fish Biology 56, 687-712

Svåsand, T. Kristiansen, T.S ., Pedersen, T., Salvanes, A.G.V., Engelsen, R., Nævdal, G., Nødtvedt, M. (2000) The enhancement of cod stocks. Fish and Fisheries 1: 173-205
 

Kristiansen, T. S. (1999). Enhancement studies of coastal cod (Gadus morhua L.) in Nord-Trøndelag, Norway. In Stock Enhancement and Sea Ranching (Howell, B. R., Moksness, E., & Svåsand, T., eds), pp 277-292. Fishing News Books, Blackwell Science. Oxford, U.K.

Otterå, H., Kristiansen, T.S., Svåsand, T., Nødtvedt, M & Borge, A. (1999 ) Sea Ranching of Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua L.): effects of release strategy on survival. In: Stock Enhancement and Sea Ranching (B.R. Howell, E. Moksness & T. Svåsand, eds), pp. 293-305. Fishing News Books, Blackwell Science Ltd. , ISBN 0852382464

Kristiansen, T. S. & Svåsand, T. (1998). Effect of size-selective mortality on growth of coastal cod illustrated by tagging data and an individual-based growth and mortality model. Journal of fish biology 52, 688-705.

Kristiansen, T. S., Jørstad, K. E., Otterå, H., Paulsen, O. I. & Svåsand, T. (1997). Estimates of larval survival of cod (Gadus morhua L.) by releases of genetically marked yolk-sac larvae. Journal of Fish Biology 51 (Supplement A), 264-283.

Otterå, H., Kristiansen, T.S. and Svåsand, T. 1997. Evaluation of anchor tags used in sea-ranching experiments with Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua L.). Fisheries Research, 35(3): 235-244.

Kristiansen, T.S, and Svåsand, T., 1992. Comparative analysis of stomach contents of cultured and wild cod, Gadus morhua L. Aquaculture and Fisheries Management, 23: 661-668

Blom, G., Otterå, H., Svåsand, T., Kristiansen, T.S., and Serigstad, B. 1992. The relationship between feeding conditions and production of cod fry (Gadus morhua L.) in a marine semi-enclosed ecosystem in western Norway: Ilustrated by use of a consumption model. ICES mar Sci. Symp., 192:176-189.

Svåsand, T., Jørstad, K.E., Blom, G., and Kristiansen, T.S.1992 Application of genetic markers for early life history investigations on Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua L.). ICES mar Sci Symp., 192:193-199.

Kristiansen, T.S, and Svåsand, T., 1990. Enhancement studies on coastal cod in western Norway III. Inter-relationships between reared and indigenous cod in a nearly land-locked fjord. J. Cons. int. Explor. Mer, 47: 23-29.

Svåsand, T., Jørstad, K., and Kristiansen, T.S., 1990. Enhancement studies on coastal cod in western Norway I. Recruitment of wild and reared cod to a local spawning stock. J. Cons. int. Explor. Mer, 47: 5-12

Svåsand, T., and Kristiansen, T.S., 1990. Enhancement studies on coastal cod in western Norway II. Migration of reared coastal cod. J. Cons. int. Explor. Mer, 47: 13-22.

Svåsand, T., and Kristiansen, T.S., 1990. Enhancement studies on coastal cod in western Norway IV. Mortality of reared cod after release. J. Cons. int. Explor. Mer, 4

Other recent publications:

Korsøen, Ø., Dempster, T., Oppedal, F., Folkedal, O., Kristiansen, T., 2008. Nedsenkete merder – en del av det fremtidens lakseoppdrett? I: Boxaspen, K., Dahl, E., Gjøsæter, J., Sunnset, B. Kyst og Havbruk 2008, Fisken og Havet, særnummer 2-2008, 140-142.

Stien, L.H., Gytre, T., Torgersen, T., Fosseidenegen, J., E., Kristiansen, T., 2008. Velferdsmeter. Kyst og havbruk 2008. Havforskningsinstituttet, Norge, pp 113-115.
Stien, L. H., Gytre, T., Torgersen, T., Sagen, H., Kristiansen, T., 2008. A system for online assessment of fish welfare in aquaculture. ICES CM 2008/R:18.

Fridell, F., Taranger, G.L, Kristiansen T.S. 2007. New research will help farmers manage fish health and welfare. Fish farmer 30:12-13

Juell, J.E., Nilsson, J., Olsen, R.E., Fridell, F., Kvamme, B.O., Oppedal, F., Humborstad, O.B., Mangor-Jensen A, Stien, L.H., Kristiansen, T.S. 2007. Dyrevelferd i akvakultur og fiskeri – et nytt fagområde i rask vekst. Kyst og Havbruksrapporten, Fisken og Havet, Særnummer 2. 2007.
 

Kristiansen, T.S., Johansson, D., Oppedal., F., Juell, J-E. 2007. Hvordan har oppdrettsfisken det i merdene. Kyst og Havbruk 2007, Fisken og Havet, Særnummer 2. 2007:151-154.

Kristiansen, T.S., Fosseidengen, J.E. & Juell, J-E. 2006. Det er grenser for hva selv en torsk vil gjøre. Grenser for vertikalvandring for torsk i dype merder (Limits for vertical migration of cod in deep cages). Norsk Fiskeoppdrett 3(2006):54-57.

Kristiansen, T.S., Fosseidengen, J.E. & Juell, J-E. 2006. Det er grenser for hva selv en torsk vil gjøre! (It is limits for what even a cod can do!) Fisken & Havet. Særnummer 2 – 2006: 107-113

Kristiansen, T.S. Toften, H. Damsgård, B. Eriksen, M.S., Lund, V. Moe, R.O. 2006. Velferd hos oppdrettsfisk: Aktuelle problemstillingar og prioriterte forskningsbehov. Norsk Veterinærtidskrift 1/2006 (118): 24-28.

Juell, J. E., Kristiansen, T.S. 2005. Fiskevelferd - et positivt eller negativt perspektiv for næringen? Pp. 75-77 i: I Boxaspen, K., Agnalt, A.L., Gjøsæter, J., Jørgensen, L.L., Skiftesvik, A.B. (Eds.) Kyst og Havbruk 2005. Fisken og havet, særnummer 2-2005. Havforskningsinstituttet, Bergen.

Nilsson, J., Kristiansen, T.S., Fosseidengen, J.E. 2005. Sett oppdrettsfisken på skolebenken! Norsk Fiskeoppdrett 2005(9):60-61.

Nilsson, J., Kristiansen, T.S., Fosseidengen, J.E. 2005. Torsken er et skolelys. Havforskningsnytt 2005(7):1-2.

Kristiansen, T.S, and Fernö, A. 2004. Trivselsatferd hos kveite (Well-being of halibut). Sluttrapport til Norges Forskningsråd (Final report to Norwegian Research Council). NFR-Prosjektnr 134029. 26pp.

Kristiansen, T.S., & Harboe, T. (2004). Oppdrett av kveite. In: Havbruksrapport 2004 (Agnalt, A., Ervik, A. Kristiansen, T.S., Oppedal, F. eds)., Fisken og havet, Særnummer 3-2004: 72-75.

Kristiansen, T.S, Juell, J-E, Oppedal, F. (2003). Trivsel og mistrivsel hos oppdrettskveite. Norsk fiskeoppdrett. Nr 13. 2003.

Kristiansen, T.S, Juell, J-E, Oppedal, F. (2003). Fokus på fiskevelferd: Grått og trist liv? Eller evig fest med fult hus og mye god mat? Norsk fiskeoppdrett. Nr 12. 2003.

Kristiansen, T.S, and Fernö, A. (2003). Trivselsatferd hos kveite (Well-being of halibut). Sluttrapport til Norges Forskningsråd (Final report to Norwegian Research Council). NFR-Prosjektnr 134029. 26pp.

Kristiansen, T.S., Harboe, T., Nortvedt, R. 2003. Oppdrett av kveite.(Farming og halibut) In Havbruksrapport 2003 (Ervik, A., Kiessling, A., Skilbrei, O.,van der Meeren, T. eds)., Fisken og havet, Særnummer 3,31-35

Kristiansen, T.S, Juell, J-E, Browman, H, Kiessling, A., & Oppedal. F. (2003). Hvordan kan vi dokumentere god eller dårlig velferd hos oppdrettsfisk. (How can we document good or bad welfare of farmed fish) Havbruksrapport 2003. Fisken og Havet, Særnummer 3, 2003

Kristiansen, T.S., Harboe, T., and Nortevedt, R. 2002. Matfiskoppdrett av kveite (Ongrowing of halibut). I: Glette, J, van der Meeren, T., Olsen, R.E., og Skilbrei, O. (red), Havbruksrapport 2002., Fisken og havet, særnr. 3 2002.