Dr. Kevin A. Glover (BSc PhD)
Principle scientist (1183), Institute of Marine Research, Norway.
DOB, 10.01.1975, Civil status: married, 3 children.
1999-2002 Doctorate of Philosophy (PhD)
Institute of Marine Research (IMR), Norway, and the University of Stirling, Scotland
1993-1996 BSc (Hons) in Biological Science
The University of Reading, England.
My primary research interests include the analysis of molecular genetic markers to describe population structure/identification/forensics, and functional genetic markers to study gene expression, quantitative trait loci, and natural selection. Whilst a large component of this work is focused around the interaction between farmed escaped and wild Atlantic salmon, I am involved in a number of projects ranging from sea lice to marine mammals.
PROJECT MANAGEMENT AND STUDENT SUPERVISION
Currently I am the project manager for four projects:
1. 2007 ongoing: The Norwegian minke whale genetic database.
This is a DNA register of all legally captured minke whales under Norwegian quota, and is run according to forensic proceedures. Each year, approximately 500 whales (+/-) are captured for commercial harvest in Norway. All of these whales are genotyped for a set of STR loci, a sex marker and are sequenced for part of the mtDNA D-loop. Individual genetic profiles for captured whales are entered into the Norwegian Directorate of Fisheries DNA database for minke whales, permitting the identification of all meat samples within the market.
2. 2009 ongoing: Tracing farmed escapees to farm of origin.
This is a DNA forensic service to assist the Norwegian Directorate of Fisheries and the Norwegian police to find the source of escaped salmon, rainbow trout and cod when their source is unknown. The project has delivered data resulting in fines for companies in breach of aquaculture regulations.
3. 2010-2014: A Strategic Institute Program “INTERACT”.
Farmed escaped salmon represent a significant threat to the genetic integrity of wild populations. Each year, thousends of farmed salmon escape into the wild, and some of these are observed on the spawning grounds - ready to intreogress with wild populations. This Norwegian research council funded project aims to delineate and quantify genetic differences between wild and farmed salmon and cod, including work packages on modelling. This includes 2x PhD students and 1x post Dr researcher.
4. 2010-2013: A work package in the large salmon louse research project PrevenT.
The work package aims to develop and implement a large resource of SNP markers to delineate populations and identify genes under selection. It also involves a PhD student PhD student studying natural selection and adaptation in the salmon louse. Currently, a SNP chip has been produced and is being used to genotyped lice of family groups and population samples. We have also conducted several "common garden" experiments with sea lice families which are currently under data analysis by the PhD student.
PUBLICATIONS IN INTERNATIONAL JOURNALS
1. Glover, K. A., Haug, T., Øien, N., Walløe, L., Lindblom, L., Seliussen, B B., Skaug, H. J. 2011. The Norwegian minke whale DNA register. Fish and Fisheries early online DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-2979.2011.00447.x.
2. Glover, K. A., Skaala, Ø., Søvik Eide, A.G. 2011. Genetic differentiation among Atlantic salmon reared in sea-cages reveals heterogeneous distribution of genetic material from breeding program to commercial production. Aquaculture Research 42: 1323-1331.
3. Glover, K. A, Skaala, Ø., Limborg, M., Kvamme. C., Torstensen, E. 2011. Microsatellite DNA reveals population genetic differentiation among sprat (Sprattus sprattus) sampled throughout the Northeast Atlantic including Norwegian fjords. ICES J. Mar Sci. 68: 2145-2151.
4. Glover, K. A., Stølen Å. B., Messmer A., Koop, B. F., Torrissen, O., Nilsen F. 2011. Population genetics of the parasitic copepod Lepeophtheirus salmonis. Marine Ecology Progress Series 427: 161-172.
5. Glover, K. A., Dahle, G., Jørstad, K. E. 2011. Genetic identification of farmed and wild Atlantic cod, Gadus morhua, in coastal Norway. ICES Journal of Marine Science 68: 901-910.
6. Karlsson, S, Moen, T., Lien, S., Glover, K. A., Hindar, K. 2011. Diagnostic SNPs for the identification of farmed and wild Atlantic salmon. Molecular Ecology Resources 11(s1) 247-253.
7. Haaland, Ø A., Glover K. A., Seliussen B. B., Skaug, H. J. 2011. Genotyping errors in a calibrated DNA-register: implications for identification of individuals. BMC Genetics 12: 36.
8. Leclerc, L. M., Lydersen, C., Haug, T., Glover, K. A., Fisk, A. T., Kovacs, K. 2011. Greenland sharks (Somniosus microcephalus) scavenge offal from minke (Balaenoptera acutorostrata) whaling operations in Svalbard (Norway). Polar Research 30: DOI: 10.3402/polar.v30i0.7342
9. Besnier, F., Glover, K. A., Skaala, Ø. 2011. Quantifying genetic change in wild populations: modeling gene flow from farm escapees. Aquaculture Environment Interactions 2: 75-86.
10. Glover, K. A., Kanda, N., Haug, T., Pastene, L., Øien, N., Goto, M., Seliussen, B., Skaug, H. J. 2010. Migration of Antarctic minke whales to the Arctic. PLoS ONE 5: 12.
11. Glover, K. A. 2010. Forensic identification of farmed escapees: a review of the Norwegian experience. Aquaculture Environment Interactions 1:1-10.
12. Glover, K. A., Hansen, M. M., Lien, S., Høyheim, B., Skaala, Ø. 2010. A comparison of SNPs and microsatellites for delineating population genetic structure and performing individual genetic assignment. BMC Genetics 11: 2
13. Glover, K.A., Samuelsen, O.B., Skilbrei, O.T., Boxaspen, K., Lunestad, B.T. 2010. Pharmacokinetics of emamectin benzoate with polypropylene as adjuvans administered to Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) by intra-peritoneal injection. Journal of Fish Diseases 33: 183-186.
14. Glover, K.A., Dahle, G., Westgaard, J.I., Johansen, T., Knutsen, H., Jørstad, K.E. 2010. Genetic diversity within and among strains of farmed Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua): a proof-of-concept study for the identification of escapees. Animal Genetics, 41: 515-522.
15. Grahl-Nielsen, O., Glover, K. A. 2010. Fatty acids in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) scales: A supplementary method for the identification of farmed escapees. Marine Biology 157: 1567-1576.
16. Dalvin, S., Glover K. A., Eide, A. G. S., Seliussen, B. B., Taggart, J. B. 2010. Identification of degraded Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) and rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) tissues using species specific primers located within the COI gene. BMC Investigative genetics 1: 12.
17. Gharbi, K., Glover, K. A., Stone, L. C., MacDonald, E. S., Matthews, L., Danzmann, R. G., Grimholt, U, Stear, M. J. 2009. Genetic dissection of MHC-associated susceptibility to Lepeophtheirus salmonis in Atlantic salmon. BMC Genetics 10: 20.
18. Glover, K. A., Hansen, M. M., Skaala, Ø. 2009. Identifying the source of farmed escaped Atlantic salmon: Bayesian clustering analysis increases accuracy of assignment. Aquaculture 290: 37-46.
19. Fjelldal, P.G., Glover, K.A., Skaala, Ø., Imsland, A., Hansen, T.J. 2009. Vertebral body mineralization and deformities in cultured Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.): Effects of genetics and off-season smolt production. Aquaculture 296: 36-44.
20. Hamre, L. A., Glover K. A., Nilsen, F. 2009. Establishment and characterization of salmon louse (Lepeophtheirus salmonis) laboratory strains. Parasitology International 58: 451-460.
21. Glover, K. A., Otterå, H., Olsen, R. E., Slinde, E., Taranger, G. L. Skaala, Ø. 2009. A comparison of farmed, wild and hybrid Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) reared under semi-commercial conditions. Aquaculture 286: 203-210.
22. Glover, K. A., Skilbrei, O, T., Skaala, Ø. 2008. Genetic assignment identifies farm of origin for a group of farmed escaped salmon in a Norwegian fjord. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 65, 921-920.
23. Skilbrei, O. T., Glover, K. A., Samuelsen, O. Lunestad, A. 2008. A laboratory study to evaluate the use of emamectin benzoate in the control of sea lice in sea-ranched Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.). Aquaculture 285, 2-7.
24. Skugor, S., Glover, K. A., Nilsen, F., Krasnov, A. 2008. Local and systemic gene expression responses of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) to infection with the salmon louse (Lepeophtheirus salmonis). BMC Genomics 2008, 9:498.
25. Glover, K. A. 2008. Characterisation of farmed rainbow trout in Norway: intra- and inter-strain variation reveals potential for genetic assignment of escapees. BMC Genetics 9: 87.
26. Glover, K. A., Grimholt, U., Bakke, H. G., Nilsen, F., Storset, A., Skaala, Ø. 2007. MHC variation and susceptibility to the sea louse Lepeophtheirus salmonis (Krøyer) in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.). Diseases of Aquatic Organisms, 76, 57-65.
27. Tjensvoll, K., Glover, K. A., Nylund, A. A. 2006. A study of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in four mitochondrial genes of the salmon louse, Lepeophtheirus salmonis. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms 68: 251-259.
28. Glover, K. A., Bergh, Ø., Rudra, H., Skaala, Ø. 2006. Juvenile growth and susceptibility to Aeromonas salmonicida subsp. salmonicida in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) of farmed, hybrid, and wild parentage. Aquaculture 254: 72-81.
29. Glover, K. A., Skår, C., Christie, K. E., Glette, J., Rudra, H., Skaala, Ø. 2006. Susceptibility to Infectious Salmon Anemia (ISA) in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) of farm, hybrid and wild parentage. Aquaculture 254: 82-91.
30. Glover, K. A., Skaala, Ø. 2006. Temporal stability of sea louse Lepeophtheirus salmonis Kroyer populations on Atlantic salmon Salmo salar L. of wild, farm and hybrid parentage. Journal of Fish Biology, 68: 1795-1807.
31. Skaala, Ø., Wennevik, V., Glover, K. A. 2006. Evidence of temporal genetic change in wild Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) populations affected by farmed escapees. ICES Journal of Marine Science 63: 1224-1233.
32. Glover, K. A., Aasmundstad, T., Nilsen, F., Storset, A., Skaala, Ø. 2005. Variation of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) in susceptibility to the sea lice Lepeophtheirus salmonis and Caligus elongatus. Aquaculture 245: 19-30.
33. Glover, K. A., Taggart, J. B., Skaala, Ø., Teale A. J. 2004. A study of domestication selection during start-feeding of brown trout families. Journal of Fish Biology 64: 1168-1178.
34. Glover, K. A., Hamre, L. A., Skaala, Ø., Nilsen, F. 2004. A comparison of sea louse (Lepeophtheirus salmonis) infection levels in farmed and wild Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) stocks. Aquaculture 232: 41-52.
35. Glover, K. A., Nilsen, F., Skaala, Ø. 2004. Is inter-individual variation in salmon lice (Lepeophtheirus salmonis) infection random? Aquaculture 241; 701-709.
36. Skaala, Ø., Høyheim, B., Glover, K. A., Dahle, G. 2004. Microsatellite analysis in domesticated and wild Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L): allelic diversity and identification of individuals. Aquaculture 240: 131-143.
37. Glover, K. A., Skilbrei, O., Skaala, Ø. 2003. Stock specific growth and length frequency bimodality in brown trout (Salmo trutta L.). Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 132: 307-315.
38. Glover, K. A., Skaala, Ø., Nilsen, F., Olsen, R., Teale, A. J., Taggart, J. B. 2003. Differing susceptibility to salmon lice infection in Atlantic salmon and anadromous brown trout populations. ICES Journal of Marine Science 60: 1-10.
39. Glover, K. A., Nilsen, F., Skaala, Ø., Taggart, J. B., Teale, A. J. 2001. Differences in susceptibility to sea lice infection between a sea run and a freshwater resident population of brown trout. Journal of Fish Biology 59: 1512-1519.
40. Glover, K. A., Taggart, J. B., Skaala, Ø., Teale, A. J. 2001. Comparative performance of juvenile sea trout families in high and low feeding environments. Journal of Fish Biology 59: 105-115.
2005 - ongoing. Annual guest lecturer for the MSc course: MAR 258. “Environmental impacts of aquaculture” at the University of Bergen. For this course I hold double lectures on both sea lice and genetic interactions between farmed and wild populations. I also hold a double leture about tracing farmed escaped salmon with DNA methods and the Norwegian minke whale DNA register (two good examples of how DNA methods can be implimented to conduct mangement of aquatic resoruces).
2008. Guest lecturer for the international course “Applying microsatellite techniques to aquatic systems” sponsored by the Nordic Marine Academy and held at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU) in Trondheim. I held two lectures on tracing farmed escapees with DNA methods, and Genetic assignment, in addition to holding a workshop to demonstrate various statistical programs.
PhD. Per Gunnar Espedal (Supervising together with Frank Nilsen UIB) - Looking at fitness consequences of resistance to chemical delousing agents in the salmon louse.
PhD. Lina Ljungfeldt (Supervising together with Frank Nilsen UIB) - Looking at natural selection and adaptation in the salmon louse using common garden approach and family parentage testing.
PhD. Monica Solberg (Supervising together wityh Frank Nilsen UIB) - Looking at genetic differences between wild and farmed Atlantic salmon, with emphasis on stress and predation responses.
MSc. Åsta B. Stølen (Supervsing together with Frank Nilsen UIB) - Looking into the population genetics of the salmon louse throughout the Atlantic.