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Øivind Bergh

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Curriculum Vitae

A) Scientific publications in refereed journals:

A1. Bergh, Ø., Børsheim, K.Y., Bratbak, G. and Heldal, M. 1989. High abundance of viruses found in aquatic environments. Nature, 340 (6233) 467-468.
A2. Pittman, K., Bergh, Ø, Opstad, I., Skiftesvik, A.B., Skjolddal, L., and Strand, H. 1990. Development of eggs and larvae of halibut (Hippoglossus hippoglossus L.). Journal of Applied Ichthyology 6:142-160
A3. Bergh, Ø., Hansen, G.H. and Taxt, R.E. 1992. Experimental infection of eggs and yolk sac larvae of halibut, Hippoglossus hippoglossus L. Journal of Fish Diseases 15:379-391.
A4. Hansen, G.H., Bergh, Ø., Michaelsen, J., and Knappskog, D. 1992. Flexibacter ovolyticus sp. nov., a pathogen of eggs and larvae of Atlantic halibut, Hippoglossus hippoglossus L. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 42(3):451-458.
A5. Bergh, Ø., Hansen, G.H., Huse, I., and Jelmert, A. 1992. Studies on diseases of cultured juvenile Atlantic halibut (Hippoglossus hippoglossus L.) NOAA Technical Report NMFS 111 5s.
A6. Opstad, I. and Bergh, Ø. 1993. Culture parameters and growth and mortality of halibut (Hippoglossus hippoglossus L.) yolk sac larvae in upwelling incubators. Aquaculture 109:1-11.
A7. Skiftesvik, A.B. and Bergh, Ø. 1993. Changes in behaviour of halibut (Hippoglossus hipoglossus) and turbot (Scophthalmus maximus) yolk sac larvae induced by bacterial infections. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 50(12):2552-2557.
A8. Næss, T. and Bergh, Ø. 1994. Calanoid copepod resting eggs can be surface disinfected. Aquacultural Engineering 13. 1-9-
A9. Skiftesvik, A.B., Bergh, Ø. and Opstad, I. 1994. Activity and swimming speed at time of first feeding of halibut (Hippoglossus hippoglossus) larvae. Journal of Fish Biology 45: 349-351.
A10. Bergh, Ø., Naas, K.E. and Harboe, T. 1994. Shift in the intestinal microflora of Atlantic halibut (Hippoglossus hippoglossus) larvae during first feeding. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 51(8):1899-1903.
A11. Bergh, Ø. 1995. Bacteria associated with early life stages of halibut, Hippoglossus hippoglossus L., innhibit growth of a pathogenic Vibrio sp. Journal of Fish Diseases 18: 31-40.
A12. Hjeltnes, B., Bergh, Ø., Wergeland, H. and Holm, J.C. 1995. Susceptibility of Atlantic cod Gadus morhua, halibut, Hippoglossus hippoglossus and wrasse (Labridae) to Aeromonas salmonicida subsp. salmonicida and the possibility of transmission of furunculosis from farmed salmon Salmo salar to marine fish. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms 23:25-31.
A13. Bergh, Ø. and Jelmert A. 1996. Iodophor disinfection of eggs of Atlantic halibut. Journal of Aquatic Animal Health 8:135-145.
A14. Uglem, I., Uksnøy, L.E. and Bergh, Ø. 1996. Chemical treatment of lobster eggs against epibiotic bacteria. Aquaculture International 4:1-8.
A15. Bergh Ø., B. Hjeltnes and A.B. Skiftesvik 1997. Experimental infection of turbot, Scophtalmus maximus and halibut Hippoglossus hippoglossus yolk sac larvae with Aeromonas salmonicida subsp. salmonicida. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms 29:13-20.
A16. Biering, E. and Bergh Ø. 1997. Experimental infection of Atlantic halibut, Hippoglossus hippoglossus L., yolk-sac larvae with infectious pancreatic necrosis virus: detection of virus by immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization. Journal of Fish Diseases 19:405-413.
A17. Opstad, I., Bergh, Ø. and Skiftesvik, A.B. 1998. Large-scale rearing of Atlantic halibut, Hippoglossus hippoglossus L. yolk sac larvae:effects of flow rate on growth, survival and accumulation of bacteria. Aquaculture Research 29(12):893-898.
A18. Grotmol, S., Bergh, Ø. and Totland, G.K. 1999. Transmission of viral encephalopathy and retionopathy (VER) to yolk sac larvae of the Atlantic halibut Hippoglossus hippoglossus: occurence of nodavirus in various organs and a possible route of infection. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms 36: 95-106.
A19. Torkildsen, L., Samuelsen, O.B., Lunestad, B.T. and Bergh, Ø. 2000. Minimum inhibitory concentrations of chloramphenicol, florfenicol, trimethoprim/sulfadiazine and flumequine in seawater of bacteria associated with scallops (Pecten maximus) larvae. Aquaculture 185:1-12
A20. Andersen, S., Burnell, G. and Bergh, Ø. 2000 Flow-through systems for culturing great scallop larvae. Aquaculture International, 8:249-257.
A21. Mortensen, S., van der Meeren, T., Fosshagen, A., Hernar, I., Harkestad, L., Torkildsen, L. and Bergh, Ø. 2000. Mortality of scallop spat in cultivation, infested with tube dwelling bristle worms, Polydora sp. Aquaculture International 8:267-271.
A22. Samuelsen, O.B., Húsgarđ, S., Torkildsen, L. and Bergh, Ø 2000. The efficacy of a single intraperitoneal injection of flumequine in the treatment of a bacterial infection in corkwing wrasse (Symphodus melops). Journal of Aquatic Animal Health 12:324-327.
A23. Bergh, Ø. , Vikanes, L., Makridis, P., Skjermo, J., Knappskog, D.H. and Rødseth, O.M. (2001). Uptake and processing of a Vibrio anguillarum bacterin in Artemia franciscana measured by ELISA and immunohistochemistry. Fish and Shellfish Immunology 11(1):15-22.
A24. Bergh, Ø., Nilsen, F. and Samuelsen, O.B. (2001) Diseases, prophylaxis and treatment of the Atlantic halibut, Hippoglossus hippoglossus: a review. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms 48:57-74.
A25. Makridis, P. , Bergh, Ø, Skjermo, J. and Vadstein O. (2001) Addition of bacteria bioencapsulated in Artemia metanauplii to a rearing system for halibut larvae Aquaculture International 9(3):225-235.
A26. Bergh, Ø. and Strand, Ø. 2001 Great Scallop, Pecten maximus, research and culture strategies in Norway: a review. Aquaculture International, 9:305-318
A27. Jensen, S., Bergh, Ø., Enger, Ø., and Hjeltnes, B. (2002).Use of PCR-RFLP of 16S rRNA genes to characterise bacteria cultured from halibut fry. Canadian Journal of Microbiology, Vol 48(5):379-386.
A28. Samuelsen, O.B, Ervik, A., Torkildsen, L, and Bergh, Ø. (2002). The efficacy of a single intraperitoneal injection of flumequine or oxytetracycline hydrochloride to prevent outbreak of atypical Aeromonas salmonicida infection in goldsinny wrasse Ctenolabrus rupestris L. following stress. Aquaculture International 10:257-264.
A29. Torkildsen, L., Coyne, R., Samuelsen, O.B., Magnesen, T., and Bergh, Ø. (2002) Treatment of early life stages of scallop (Pecten maximus) with antimicrobial agents; searching for an alternative to chloramphenicol. Aquaculture International 1:399-409
A30. Jensen, S., Samuelsen, O.B., Andersen, K., Torkildsen, L., Lambert, C., Choquet, G., Paillard, C., and Bergh, Ø. (2003) Characterization of strains of Vibrio splendidus and Vibrio tapetis isolated from corkwing wrasse (Symphodus melops) suffering vibriosis. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms 53(1):25-31
A31. Sandaa, R.A., Magnesen, T., Torkildsen, L., and Bergh, Ø. (2003.) Characterisation of bacterial communities associated with early life stages of cultured great scallop (Pecten maximus), using denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) Systematic and Applied Microbiology, 26, 302-311.
A32. Samuelsen, O.B., Kvenseth, P.G., Andreassen J., Torkildsen, L., Ervik, A., and Bergh, Ø. (2003). The efficacy of a single intraperitoneal injection of oxolinic acid in the treatment of bacterial infections in goldsinny wrasse (Ctenolabrus rupestris) and corkwing wrasse (Symphodus melops) studied under field and laboratory conditions. Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics, 26(3) 181-186
A33. Samuelsen, O.B., Bergh, Ø., and Ervik, A. (2003) A single-dose pharmacokinetic study of oxolinic acid and vetoquinol, an oxolinic acid ester, in cod, Gadus morhua L., held in seawater at 8ºC and in vitro antibacterial activity of oxolinic acid against Vibrio anguillarum strains isolated from diseased cod. Journal of Fish Diseases, 26:339-347.
A34. Samuelsen, O.B., Bergh, Ø., and Ervik, A. (2003) Pharmacokinetics of florfenicol in cod, Gadus morhua L., held in seawater at 8ºC and in vitro antibacterial activity against Vibrio anguillarum. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms 56:127-133
A35. Coyne, R., Bergh, Ø., and Samuelsen, O.B. (2004a.) Determination of oxytetracycline in fish muscle by liquid chromatography. Journal of Chromatography B, 810(2): 325-328, 2004.
A36. Coyne, R., Bergh, Ø., Samuelsen, O., Andersen, K., Lunestad, B.T., Nilsen, H., Dalsgaard, I., and Smith, P. (2004b). Attempt to validate breakpoint MIC values estimated from pharmacokinetic data obtained during oxolinic acid therapy of winter ulcer disease in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). Aquaculture 238:51-66
A37. Coyne, R., Hjeltnes, B., Bergh, Ø., Andersen, K., Rudra, H. and Smith, P. (2004c). Quantitative properties of data generated by the examination of Aeromonas salmonicida infected fish by the standard bacteriological loop. Aquaculture 236:27-35.
A38. Coyne, R., Samuelsen, O., Bergh, Ø., Andersen, K., Pursell, L., Dalsgaard, I., and Smith, P. (2004d). On the validity of setting breakpoint minimum inhibition concentrations at one quarter of the plasma concentration achieved following oral administration of oxytetracycline. Aquaculture 239:23-35.
A39. Coyne, C. Samuelsen, O.B., Kongshaug, H., Andersen, K. Dalsgaard, I., Peter Smith, P.and Bergh, Ø. (2004e) A comparison of oxolinic acid concentrations in farmed and laboratory held rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) following oral therapy Aquaculture 239:1-13.
A40. Hjelm, M., Bergh, Ø., Riaza, A., Nielsen, J., Melchiorsen, J., Jensen, S., Duncan, H., Ahrens, P., Birkbeck, H., and Gram, L. (2004). Selection and identification of autochthonous probiotic bacteria from turbot larvae (Scophthalmus maximus) rearing units. Systematic and Applied Microbiology, 27:360-371.
A41. Jensen, S., Øvreås, L., Bergh, Ø., Torsvik, V. (2004). Phylogenetic analysis of bacterial communities associated with larvae of the Atlantic halibut propose succession from a uniform normal flora. Systematic and Applied Microbiology, 27:728-736.
A42. NicGabhainn, S., Amedeo, M., Bergh, Ø., Dixon, B., Donachie, L.,Carson, J., Coyne, R., Curtin, J., Dalsgaard, I., Maxwell G., and Smith, P. (2004). The precision and robustness of published protocols for disc diffusion assays of antimicrobial agent susceptibility: an inter-laboratory study. Aquaculture, 240:1-18.
A43. Samuelsen, O.B., and Bergh, Ø. (2004). Efficacy of orally administered florfenicol and oxolinic acid for the treatment of vibriosis in cod (Gadus morhua) Aquaculture 235: 27-35.
A44. Skjermo, J. and Bergh Ø. (2004) High-M alginate immunostimulation of Atlantic halibut (Hippoglossus hippoglossus L.) larvae using Artemia for delivery, increases resistance against vibriosis. Aquaculture 238:107-113
A45. Coyne, R., Bergh, Ø., Smith, P., and Samuelsen, O.B. 2005. A question of temperature related differences in plasma oxolinic acid concentrations achieved in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) under laboratory conditions following commercial farm dosing regime. Aquaculture 245:13-17.
A46. Torkildsen, L., Lambert, C., Nylund, A., Magnesen, T., and Bergh, Ø 2005. Bacteria associated with early life stages of the great scallop, Pecten maximus: impact on larval survival. Aquaculture International 13:575-592
A47. Vik-Mo F.T., Bergh, Ø., and Samuelsen O.B. 2005 Efficacy of orally administered flumequine in the treatment of vibriosis caused by Listonella anguillarum in Atlantic cod Gadus morhua. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms 67:87-92
A48. Planas, M., Perez-Lorenzo, M., Hjelm, M. Gram, L., Fiksdal, I.U., Bergh, Ø., and Pintado, J. 2006 Probiotic effect in vivo of Roseobacter strain 27-4 against Vibrio (Listonella) anguillarum infections in turbot (Scophthalmus maximus L.) larvae. Aquaculture 255:323-333
A49. Sandlund, N., Torkildsen L., Magnesen, T. Mortensen, S. and Bergh, Ø. 2006. Immunohistochemistry of Great Scallop, Pecten maximus larvae experimentally challenged with pathogenic bacteria. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms 69:163-173.
A50. Korsnes, K., Nicolaisen, O., Skår, C.K., Nerland, A.H., and Bergh, Ø. 2006. Bacteria in the gut of juvenile cod Gadus morhua fed live feed enriched with four different commercial diets. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 63:296-301.
A51. Glover, K., Bergh, Ø., Rudra, H., and Skaala Ø. 2005. Juvenile growth and susceptibility to Aeromonas salmonicida subsp. salmonicida in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) of farmed, hybrid, and wild parentage. Aquaculture, 254:72-81.
A52. Coyne, R., Smith, P., Dalsgaard, I., Nilsen, H., Kongshaug H., Bergh, Ø., Samuelsen O. 2006. Winter ulcer disease of post-smolt Atlantic salmon:an unsuitable case for treatment? Aquaculture 253:171-178
A53. Magnesen, T., Bergh, Ø. and Christophersen, G. 2006. Scallop larval yields in a commercial flow-through rearing system with continuous feeding. Aquaculture International, in press. 14(4):377-394.
A54. Mortensen, S., Korsnes, K., Bergh, Ø. 2006. "Eyes wide shut" - A critical view of aquaculture health management and risk factors in the "real world". Bulletin of the European Association of Fish Pathologists 26(1):1-5.
A55. Samuelsen, O.B., Nerland, A., Svåsand, T., Jørgensen, T., Schrøder M., and Bergh, Ø., 2006. Viral and bacterial diseases of Atlantic cod Gadus morhua, their prophylaxis and treatment: a review. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms, 71:239-254.
A56. Seljestokken, B. Bergh, Ø., Melingen, G.O., Rudra, H. Olsen, R.H., Samuelsen, O.B. 2006.Treating experimentally induced vibriosis (Listonella anguillarum) in cod (Gadus morhua) with florfenicol. Journal of Fish Diseases, 2, 737-742.
A57. Bergh, Ø. and Samuelsen, O.B. (2007). Susceptibility of Atlantic salmon smolt (Salmo salar) corkwing wrasse (Symphodus melops) and goldsinny wrasse (Ctenolabrus rupestis) to experimental challenge with two Vibrio spp. isolated from corkwing wrasse suffering from vibriosis. Aquaculture International 15:11-18.
A58. Bergh, Ø. 2007. The dual myths of the healthy wild fish and the unhealthy farmed fish. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms, 75:169-164.
A59. Brunvold, L., Sandaa, R.A., Bleie, H., Mikkelsen, H., Welde, E., and Bergh Ø. 2007. Characterisation of bacterial communities associated with intensively rared cod (Gadus morhua) larvae using Denaturing Gradient Gel Electrophoresis (DGGE). Aquaculture, 272: 319-327.
A60. Patel, S., Korsnes K, Bergh, Ø., Vik-Mo F, Pedersen J, Nerland A.H. 2007. Nodavirus in farmed Atlantic cod Gadus morhua in Norway. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms 77:169-173.
A61. Sandaa, R.-A., Brunvold. L., Magnesen T., and Bergh Ø. 2008. Monitoring the opportunistic bacteria Pseudoalteromonas sp. LT-13 in a great scallop, Pecten maximus hatchery. Aquaculture 276:14-21
A62. Ottem KF, Nylund A, Isaksen TE, Karlsbakk E, Bergh Ø. 2008. Occurence of Francisella piscicida in farmed and wild Atlantic cod, Gadus morhua L. in Norway. Journal of Fish Diseases, 31 (7):525-534.
A63. Engelsen AR, Sandlund N, Fiksdal IU, Bergh Ø. 2008. Immunohistochemistry of Atlantic cod larvae Gadus morhua experimentally infected with Vibrio anguillarum. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms, 80:13-20
A64. Paillard, C., Korsnes, K., LeChevallier, P., Leboulay, C. Harkestad, L., Eriksen A.G., Willassen E., , Bergh, Ø., Bovo, C., Skår C., Mortensen, S.. 2008. Vibrio tapetis-like strain isolated from introduced Manila clams Ruditapes philippinarum, showing symptoms of Brown Ring Disease in Norway. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms, 81:153-161
A65. Sandlund N, Bergh Ø 2008. Screening and characterisation of potentially pathogenic bacteria associated with Atlantic cod Gadus morhua larvae: Bath challenge trials using a multidish system. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms, 81:203-217
A66. Mikalsen J., Olsen A.B., Rudra H., Moldal T., Lund T., Djønne B., Bergh Ø., Colquhoun D.J. 2009. , Virulence and pathogenicity of Francisella philomiragia subsp. noatunensis for Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) and laboratory mice. Journal of Fish Diseases, 32:377-381.
A67. Patel S, Sørhus E, Fiksdal IU, Espedal PG, Bergh Ø, Rødseth OM, Morton HC, Nerland AH. 2009. Ontogeny of lymphoid organs and development of IgM bearing cells in Atlantic halibut (Hippoglossus hippoglossus L.). Fish and Shellfish Immunology, 26: 385-395.
A68. Sandlund N, Rødseth O.M., Knappskog D.H., Fiksdal I.U., Bergh Ø. 2010. Comparative susceptibility of turbot, halibut and cod yolk-sac larvae to challenge with Vibrio spp. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms. 89:29-37
A69. Dhanasiri, A.K.S., Brunvold L., Brinchmann M, Korsnes K, Bergh Ø, Viswanath, K. 2010. Changes in the the intestinal microflora of wild Atlantic cod Gadus morhua L. upon captive rearing. Microbial Ecology, in press
A70. Brunvold L, Jacobsen A, Sandaa R-A, Bergh Ø, Magnesen T. 2010. Increased survival of great scallop (Pecten maximus) larvae adding probiotic bacteria to algal cultures.Submitted to Aquaculture International


B) Refereed publications in books:
B1. Bergh, Ø., G.H. Hansen, A. Jelmert, A.B. Skiftesvik and R.E. Taxt. 1991. Bacterial diseases of eggs and yolk sac larvae of halibut (Hippoglossus hippoglossus L.) I: P. Lavens, P. Sorgeloos, E. Jaspers og F. Ollevier (red.) European Aquaculture Society, Special Publication No. 15, Ghent, Belgia 1991. s.389-391
B2. Opstad,I., Boxaspen, K., and Bergh, Ø. 1993. Studies on the use of rotifers (Brachionus plicatilis) and Artemia enriched on different mixtures, as start-feed for turbot larvae (Scophthalmus maximus). In: S.J. Kaushik and P. Luquet (ed.) Fish Nutrition in practice. INRA editions, Paris. s. 633-638
B3. Bergh Ø. 1997. “Fra egg til yngel. De første ukene i et fiskeliv.” Side 88-89 i S. Mortensen og P. Eide. ”Et levende hav”, KOM forlag ISBN 82-908-2333-9. (Også utgitt i engelskspråklig utgave.)
B4. Bergh Ø.1999. Sykdom hos rogn og yngel (marine arter). I: Poppe, T. (red.) Fiskehelse og fiskesykdommer. s. 275-278. Universitetsforlaget ISBN 82-00-12718-4.
B5. Huys, L., van der Meeren, T., Sorgeloos, P., and Bergh, Ø. 1999. Zootechnical and microbiological aspects of different production systems for turbot (Scophthalmus maximus L.) larviculture. Mededelingen Faculteit Landbouwwetenschappen Gent 64(5):139-142.
B6. Bergh Ø. 2000 Bacterial pathogens associated with early life stages of marine fish pp. 221-228 In: Bell, CR, Brylinski, M., Johnson-Green P.- (ed). Microbial Biosystems: New Frontiers. Proceedings of the 8th International Symposium on Microbial Ecology. Atlantic Canada Society for Microbial Ecology, Halifax, Canada, 2000
B7. Bergh, Ø., Torkildsen, L., Andersen, S., Samuelsen, O.B., Nylund, A., Lunestad, B.T., Mortensen, S., Strand, Ø., Magnesen, T., and Lambert, C. (2001). Pathogens in scallop, Pecten maximus hatcheries and possible strategies to control them. Pp. 64-67 in: Larvi 2001 Fish and larviculture Symposium. European Aquaculture Society, Special publication, 30
B8. Jørstad, K., Bergh, Ø. and Andersen, K. 2001. Health aspects in Norwegian lobster stock enhancement. In: Evans, L.H., and Jones, J.B. (Eds.) International Symposium on Lobster Health Management. Proceedings 19-21. Sept. 1999 Adelaide, Aquatic Science Research Unit, Curtin university of Technology, Australia Pp. 92-99.
B9. Vadstein, O., Mo, T.A. and Bergh, Ø. 2004. Microbial interactions, prophylaxis and diseases. In: Moksness, E., Kjørsvik, E. and Olsen, Y. (eds.) Culture of cold-water marine fish. Blackwell Scientific publications Ltd., U.K. pp. 28-72.
B10. Bergh, Ø. 2004. Helsesituasjonen for kveite i naturen og i oppdrett. I: Mangor-Jensen, A., og Holm, J.C. (red.) Håndbok i kveiteoppdrett. Havforskningsinstituttet. ISBN 82-7461 –060-1, s. 101-109.
B11. Bergh Ø., Samuelsen, O.B. og Korsnes K. 2005. Sykdommer hos torsk, forebygging og behandling. I: Otterå, H., Taranger, G.L., and Borthen J. (ed.) Oppdrett av torsk – næring med framtid. Pp. 177-182.
B12. Bergh Ø. 2008. Bacterial diseases of fish. Pp. 239-278 in: Eiras J, Segner H, Wahli T and Kapoor B (editors) Fish Diseases. Science Publishers Inc New Hampshire USA.
B13. Bergh Ø., Nerland AH. 2008. Improving disease immunity to reduce antibiotic use in farmed fish. In Lie Ø. (ed) Improving farmed fish quality and safety. Pp. 183-198. Woodhead publishing, Cambridge UK.

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