Revealing the secrets locked in a genome is not a trivial task. First the genome has to be broken into small pieces where the individual nucleotide sequences are mapped. Thereafter, the pieces of sequence have to be put back together – and the result has to be checked. Only then we can reveal the secrets of the genome. Although much work remains to be done in the Salmon Louse Genome Project, the involved researchers consider the project to be a success.
- Our reconstructed genome is of better technical quality than we hoped for when the project started and better than the quality of reconstructed genomes from many other sequenced organisms, says project leader Rasmus Skern-Mauritzen.
What is a genome?
A genome consists of strings of four nucleotides in an apparently random sequence. These are commonly denoted by the letters A, T, G and C. In a genome sequencing project the sequence of the nucleotides is established.
- This may seem like tedious reading, but advanced computer programs and trained operators make it possible to find the interesting messages in this seemingly meaningless cloud of letters; namely the genes and the elements that control them, says the project leader Skern-Mauritzen.
Identification of the genes in the genome has just recently started and is done primarily by The European Bioinformatics Institute, The Salmon Louse Research Centre and The Institute of Marine Research. Sequencing was financed by Institute of Marine Research, the Fishery and Aquaculture Industry Research Fund and Marine Harvest. The downstream analyses are financed by the Institute of Marin Research and the Sea Louse Research Centre.
How to get access to the data?
Access to the genome resources can be obtained from March 1st by contacting Rasmus Skern-Mauritzen.