Raymond Bannister

Telefon: 40249851
Avdeling: Bentiske ressurser


My research portfolio is centered on the interactions of anthropogenic stressors and benthic habitats from shallow tropical coral reef ecosystems to deep sea arctic ecosystems. Two central themes in my research are 1) How filter feeding organisms respond to elevated sediment stress and what this means for their ecosystem function; 2) How climate change and ocean acidification impacts deep-water filter feeders; and 3) How large scale finfish aquaculture can be sustainable for coastal and Arctic/boreal fjord benthic ecosystems.

Deep sea sponge research:

This research theme focuses on developing new critical information on deep sea sponges.  My research on deep sea sponges centers around the following topics:

  1. The basic biology, physiology and ecology of deep sea sponges.
  2. The effects of industry driven suspended sediments (oil drilling muds, bottom trawling, mine tailings) on the ecosystem functioning of deep sea sponges.
  3. Climate interactions with deep sea sponges
  4. Disease and mortality in deep sea sponges
  5. Monitoring sponge habitats

The above research topics are supported by three externally financed research projects (Response - 203894 and SedExSponge - 225283) through the Norwegian Research Council focusing on the interactions of suspended sediments from oil drilling activities on deep water sponges. In addition, my research on climate interactions, disease of sponges and the monitoring of sponge habitats are funded directly through the research council of Norway (Fate - ) and the marine processes research program (ClimaSponge - 14515) at the Institute of Marine Research. These above topics are further supported through both national (University of Bergen, SINTEF Fisheries and Aquaculture and NINA,) and international collaborations (University of Alberta, Canada; University of New South Wales, Australia; Australian Institute of Marine Science, Australia, Southern Cross University, Australia; Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research, The Netherlands).

Aquaculture environment interactions:

This research theme focuses on increasing our knowledge on the interactions of organic and inorganic nutrients released from fin fish aquaclture on the stucture and functioning of benthic ecosystems and biota. The research topics that I am actively involved with include:

  1. Modelling the dispersal of effluents from salmon farms
  2. Organic enrichment of fjord and coastal benthic habitats
  3. Developing new methodologies for monitoring hard and mixed bottom habitats
  4. The effects of organic enrichment on cold water corals and deep sea sponges
  5. Developing sustainability tools for optimal selection new fish farming localities
  6. Establishing new tracing technologies to map the spread of aquaculture effluents into the environment and biota
  7. Intergrated multitrophic aquaculture (IMTA)
  8. The importance of fallowing to enhance sustainability
  9. Risk assessment of Norwegian aquaculture

These above research topics are funded through a large research platform "ERA" (Project # 228871) and SUSTAINAQUA (Project # 267829) funded through the Norwegian Research Counci focusing on the environmental responses of aquaculture in coatsal and Arctic/boreal ecosystems. Our research on IMTA is also funded through the Norwegian Research Council (Exploit: project # 216201). Furthermore, The research topics are also funded internally through the "Aquaculture research program" at the Institute of Marine Research (14300 and ). These research topics are also supported through both National (University of Bergen; NGU; Akvaplan NIVA) and international collaborations (University of Melbourne, Australia; University of Southern Denmark; Department of Fisheries and Oceans, Canada; Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, CMRS France; Fiskaaling - Aquaculture Research Station, Faroe Islands; and Cawthrown Institute, New Zealand).


Vitenskapelige artikler (NVI)


Mobile epibenthic fauna consume organic waste from coastal fin-fish aquaculture

Skye Woodcock, Tore Strohmeier, Øivind Strand, Siri Aaserud Olsen, Raymond Bannister
Marine Environmental Research 137 p. 16-23

Aquaculture-derived trophic subsidy boosts populations of an ecosystem engineer

Camille White, Raymond Bannister, Simon Dworjanyn, Vivian Husa, Peter D. Nichols, Timothy David Dempster
Aquaculture Environment Interactions 10 p. 279-289

Impact of particulate sediment, bentonite and barite (oil-drilling waste) on net fluxes of oxygen and nitrogen in Arctic-boreal sponges

James Kar-Hei Fang, Christine Rooks, Cathinka M. Krogness, Tina Kutti, Friederike Hoffmann, Raymond Bannister
Environmental Pollution 238 p. 948-958

Utslipp av partikulære og løste stoffer fra matfiskanlegg

Vivian Husa, Pia Kupka Hansen, Raymond Bannister, Tina Kutti, Stein Fredriksen
Fisken og Havet, Særnummer p. 99-116

Phagocytosis of microbial symbionts balances the carbon and nitrogen budget for the deep-water boreal sponge Geodia barretti.

SP Leys, Amanda Kahn, James Kar-Hei Fang, Tina Kutti, Raymond Bannister
Limnology and Oceanography 63 p. 187-202

Microbiome analysis of a disease affecting the dee-sea sponge Geodia barretti

Heidi M. Luter, Raymond Bannister, Stephen Whalan, Tina Kutti, Mari-Carmen Pineda, Nicole S. Webster
FEMS Microbiology Ecology 93

The response of a boreal deep-sea sponge holobiont to acute thermal stress

Roger Strand, Stephen Whalan, Nicole S. Webster, Tina Kutti, James Kar-Hei Fang, Heidi M. Luter, Raymond Bannister
Scientific Reports 7:1660 p. 1-12

Consumption of aquaculture waste affects the fatty acid metabolism of a benthic invertebrate

Camille White, Raymond Bannister, Simon Dworjanyn, Vivian Husa, Peter D. Nichols, Tina Kutti, Timothy David Dempster
Science of the Total Environment 586 p. 1170-1181

Discrete water quality sampling at open-water aquaculture sites: limitations and strategies

Henrice M Jansen, Gregor K Reid, Raymond Bannister, Vivian Husa, Shawn M.C. Robinson, John Andrew Cooper, Cheryl Quinton, Øivind Strand
Aquaculture Environment Interactions 8 p. 463-480

Sub-lethal effects of water-based drilling muds on the deep-water sponge Geodia barretti

Katelyn J. Edge, Emma L. Johnston, Katherine A. Dafforn, Stuart L. Simpson, Tina Kutti, Raymond Bannister
Environmental Pollution 212 p. 525-534

Near- and far-field dispersal modelling of organic waste Atlantic salmon aquaculture in fjord systems

Raymond Bannister, Ingrid Askeland Johnsen, Pia Kupka Hansen, Tina Kutti, Lars Asplin
ICES Journal of Marine Science 73 p. 2408-2419

Metabolic responses of the deep-water sponge Geodia barretti to suspended bottom sediment, simulated mine tailings and drill cuttings

Tina Kutti, Raymond Bannister, Jan Helge Fosså, Cathinka M. Krogness, Ingrid Tjensvoll, Guldborg Søvik
Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 473 p. 64-72

Impact of deep-water fish farms on benthic macrofauna communities under different hydrodynamic conditions

Thomas Valdemarsen, Pia Kupka Hansen, Arne S Ervik, Raymond Bannister
Marine Pollution Bulletin 101 p. 776-783


Henrice M Jansen, Aleksander Handå, Peter Cranford, Raymond Bannister, Maria Bergvik, Ole Jacob Broch, Silje Forbord, Vivian Husa, Yngvar Olsen, Kjell Inge Reitan, Jorunn Skjermo, Øivind Strand
Journal of Shellfish Research 34 p. 644-644

Distribution and persistence of the anti sea-lice drug teflubenzuron in wild fauna and sediments around a salmon farm, following a standard treatment

Ole Bent Samuelsen, Bjørn Tore Lunestad, Rita Hannisdal, Raymond Bannister, Siri Aaserud Olsen, Tore Tjensvoll, Eva Farestveit, Arne S Ervik
Science of the Total Environment 508 p. 115-121

Risk assessment of the environmental impact of Norwegian Atlantic salmon farming

Geir Lasse Taranger, Ørjan Karlsen, Raymond Bannister, Kevin Glover, Vivian Husa, Egil Karlsbakk, Bjørn Olav Kvamme, Karin Kroon Boxaspen, Pål Arne Bjørn, Bengt Finstad, Abdullah Sami Madhun, Hugh Craig Morton, Terje Svåsand
ICES Journal of Marine Science 72 p. 997-1021

Changes in benthic sediment conditions under an atlantic salmon farm at a deep, well-flushed coastal site

Raymond Bannister, Thomas Valdemarsen, Pia Kupka Hansen, Marianne Holmer, Arne S Ervik
Aquaculture Environment Interactions 5 p. 29-47

Community structure and ecological function of deep-water sponge grounds in the Traenadypet MPA-Northern Norwegian continental shelf

Tina Kutti, Raymond Bannister, Jan Helge Fosså
Continental Shelf Research 69 p. 21-30

Rapid respiratory responses of the deep-water sponge Geodia barretti exposed to suspended sediments

Ingrid Tjensvoll, Tina Kutti, Jan Helge Fosså, Raymond Bannister
Aquatic Biology 19 p. 65-73

Suspended sediment grain size and mineralogy across the continental shelf of the Great Barrier Reef: impacts on the physiology of a coral reef sponge

Raymond Bannister, Christopher Battershill, Rocky de Nys
Continental Shelf Research 32 p. 86-95

Biogeochemical malfunctioning in sediments beneath a deep-water fish farm

Thomas Valdemarsen, Raymond Bannister, Pia Kupka Hansen, Marianne Holmer, Arne S Ervik
Environmental Pollution 170 p. 15-25

Incongruence between the distribution of a common coral reef sponge and photosynthesis

Raymond Bannister, Mia Hoogenboom, Kenneth Anthony, Stephen Whalan, Nicole Webster, Christopher Battershill, Rocky de Nys
Marine Ecology Progress Series 423 p. 95-100

Demographic variability and long-term change in a coral reef sponge along a cross-shelf gradient of the Great Barrier Reef

Raymond Bannister, Christopher Battershill, Rocky de Nys
Marine and Freshwater Research 61 p. 389-396

The distribution and abundance of Dictyoceratid sponges in relation to hydrodynamic features: identifying candidates and environmental conditions for sponge aquaculture

Raymond Bannister, Richard Brinkman, Carsten Wolff, Christopher Battershill, Rocky de Nys
Marine and Freshwater Research 58 p. 624-633

Microbial diversity within the water column of a larval rearing system for the ornate rock lobster (Panulirus ornatus)

Matthew Payne, Mike Hall, Raymond Bannister, Lindsay Sly, David Bourne
Aquaculture 258 p. 80-90



The influence of salmon Salmo salar aquaculture on spawning ground use of Atlantic cod Gadus morhua.

Jon Egil Skjæraasen, Ørjan Karlsen, Esben Moland Olsen, Even Moland, Kristine Marit Schrøder Elvik, Terje van der Meeren, Raymond Bannister

Kapitler og bøker


Sponge grounds as key marine habitats: a synthetic review of types, structure, functional roles and conservation concerns

MDD Maldonado, R Aguilar, Raymond Bannister, J Bell, KW Conway, PK Dayton, C Diaz, Julian Gutt, Michelle Kelly, Ellen Kenchington, SP Leys, SA Pomponi, Hans Tore Rapp, K Rützler, OS Tendal, Jean Vacelet, CM Young

Ny usikkerhet om bruken av fjorder som avfallsplass for gruver.

Jan Helge Fosså, Terje van der Meeren, Sonnich Meier, Tina Kutti, Raymond Bannister
p. 62-64

Populærvitenskapelige artikler


Kulturlandskap under vatn?

Vivian Husa, Tore Strohmeier, Raymond Bannister

Fiskeoppdrett påvirker hardbunnssamfunn

Pia Kupka Hansen, Vivian Husa, Raymond Bannister

Faglige foredrag


Interactions of salmon farming on Atlantic cod spawning grounds.

Terje van der Meeren, Jon Egil Skjæraasen, Mari Skuggedal Myksvoll, Geir Dahle, Esben Moland Olsen, Ørjan Karlsen, Raymond Bannister

ICOD, Interactions of aquaculture with cod spawning grounds

Terje van der Meeren, Raymond Bannister, Jon Egil Skjæraasen, Mari Skuggedal Myksvoll

Gyter torsk nær oppdrettsanlegg?

Mari Skuggedal Myksvoll, Raymond Bannister, Terje van der Meeren, Jon Egil Skjæraasen


Aleksander Handå, HM Jansen, Maria Bergvik, Silje Forbord, Ole Jacob Broch, John Ellis, Raymond Bannister, Vivian Husa, Julia Leivestad Fossberg, Lene Stensås, Henny Førde, Jorunn Skjermo, Kjell Inge Reitan, Øivind Strand, Yngvar Olsen

Biofouling hydroids in Norwegian salmon aquaculture: do they benefit from farm nutrients and can they significantly affect the oxygen levels in a cage?

Nina Bloecher, Jana Guenther, Raymond Bannister, Yngvar Olsen, Richard Piola

Rapporter og avhandlinger


Vurdering av egnethet av utslippsindikator for næringssalter og organisk materiale på produksjonsområdenivå

Pia Kupka Hansen, Vivian Husa, Raymond Bannister, Tina Kutti, Kjell Magnus Norderhaug, Lars Johan Naustvoll, Henrik Rye Jakobsen

Effekter av utslipp fra akvakultur på spesielle marine naturtyper, rødlista habitat og arter. Kunnskapsstatus

Vivian Husa, Tina Kutti, Ellen Sofie Grefsrud, Ann-Lisbeth Agnalt, Ørjan Karlsen, Raymond Bannister, Ole Bent Samuelsen, Bjørn Einar Grøsvik

Risikovurdering norsk fiskeoppdrett 2013

Geir Lasse Taranger, Terje Svåsand, Bjørn Olav Kvamme, Tore Kristiansen, Karin Kroon Boxaspen, Jon Albretsen, Lars Asplin, Jan Aure, Britt Bang-Jensen, Raymond Bannister, Pål Arne Bjørn, Geir Dahle, Arne S Ervik, Per-Gunnar* Fjelldal, Bengt Finstad, Kevin Glover, Bjørn Einar Grøsvik, Pia Kupka Hansen, Tom Hansen, Mikko Heino, Vivian Husa, Peder Andreas Jansen, Daniel Jimenez, Ingrid Askeland Johnsen, Knut Jørstad, Egil Karlsbakk, Ørjan Karlsen, Anja Kristoffersen, Rosa Maria Serra Llinnares, Abdullah Madhun, Stein Mortensen, Morton Craig, Rune Nilsen, Håkon Otterå, Sonal Patel, Bjørn-Steinar Sæther, Ole B. Samuelsen, Anne Sandvik, Jofrid Skardhamar, Anne Berit Skiftesvik, Ove Skilbrei, Øystein Skaala, Cecilie Skår, Lars H. Stien, Ingebrigt Uglem, Terje van der Meeren, Vidar Wennevik

Risikovurdering norsk fiskeoppdrett 2012

Lars Asplin, Jan Aure, Raymond Bannister, Pål Arne Bjørn, Karin Kroon Boxaspen, Geir Dahle, Arne S Ervik, Bengt Finstad, Kevin A. Glover, Bjørn Einar Grøsvik, Pia Kupka Hansen, Mikko Heino, Vivian Husa, P. A. Jansen, Ingrid Askeland Johnsen, Knut Eirik Jørstad, Egil Karlsbakk, Ørjan Karlsen, Tore S Kristiansen, Bjørn Olav Kvamme, Rosa Maria Serra Llinares, Abdullah Madlhun, Terje van der Meeren, Stein Mortensen, Craig Morton, Rune Nilsen, Håkon Otterå, Sonal Patel, Bjørn-Steinar Sæther, Ole Bent Samuelsen, Øystein Skaala, Cecilie Skår, Ove Skilbrei, Lars Helge Stien, Terje Svåsand, Geir Lasse Taranger, Ingebrigt Uglem, Vidar Wennevik

Utslipp fra matfiskanlegg- Påvirkning på grunne og dype hardbunnslokaliteter

Pia Kupka Hansen, Vivian Husa, Raymond Bannister
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